Atome Molekuele Und Optische Physik 1 Atomphysik Und Grundlagen Der Spektroskopie Springer Lehrbuch Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Atoms, Molecules and Optical Physics 1

Atoms, Molecules and Optical Physics 1

Author: Ingolf Volker Hertel, Claus-Peter Schulz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642543227
Pages: 689
Year: 2014-10-24
This is the first volume of textbooks on atomic, molecular and optical physics, aiming at a comprehensive presentation of this highly productive branch of modern physics as an indispensable basis for many areas in physics and chemistry as well as in state of the art bio- and material-sciences. It primarily addresses advanced students (including PhD students), but in a number of selected subject areas the reader is lead up to the frontiers of present research. Thus even the active scientist is addressed. This volume 1 provides the canonical knowledge in atomic physics together with basics of modern spectroscopy. Starting from the fundamentals of quantum physics, the reader is familiarized in well structured chapters step by step with the most important phenomena, models and measuring techniques. The emphasis is always on the experiment and its interpretation, while the necessary theory is introduced from this perspective in a compact and occasionally somewhat heuristic manner, easy to follow even for beginners.
Atoms, Molecules and Optical Physics 1

Atoms, Molecules and Optical Physics 1

Author: Ingolf Volker Hertel, Claus-Peter Schulz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642543227
Pages: 689
Year: 2014-10-24
This is the first volume of textbooks on atomic, molecular and optical physics, aiming at a comprehensive presentation of this highly productive branch of modern physics as an indispensable basis for many areas in physics and chemistry as well as in state of the art bio- and material-sciences. It primarily addresses advanced students (including PhD students), but in a number of selected subject areas the reader is lead up to the frontiers of present research. Thus even the active scientist is addressed. This volume 1 provides the canonical knowledge in atomic physics together with basics of modern spectroscopy. Starting from the fundamentals of quantum physics, the reader is familiarized in well structured chapters step by step with the most important phenomena, models and measuring techniques. The emphasis is always on the experiment and its interpretation, while the necessary theory is introduced from this perspective in a compact and occasionally somewhat heuristic manner, easy to follow even for beginners.
Atome, Moleküle und optische Physik 1

Atome, Moleküle und optische Physik 1

Author: Ingolf V. Hertel, C.-P. Schulz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662531046
Pages: 730
Year: 2017-12-10
Das Buch bietet eine detaillierte Einführung in die wichtigsten Themenkomplexe der Atom- und Molekülphysik und die damit verbundenen Methoden moderner optischer Physik. In vielen ausgewählten Teilgebieten führt es bis hin zum aktuellen Stand der Forschung. Es wendet sich damit in erster Linie an fortgeschrittene Studierende der Physik und der Physikalischen Chemie bis hin zur Promotion. Zugleich spricht es aber auch den aktiven Wissenschaftler an und will ein Standardwerk des Gebietes sein. Die vorliegende zweite Auflage wurde in den Grundlagen wie in den Anwendungen ausführlich erweitert und aktualisiert. Durch die nochmals verbesserte klare Strukturierung der Kapitel wird der Leser – ausgehend von den Grundlagen der Mikro- und Quantenphysik – schrittweise mit den wichtigsten Phänomenen und Modellen der Atom- und Molekülphysik vertraut gemacht und, wo immer es sich anbietet, an deren aktuelle Entwicklungen in der modernen Forschung heran geführt. Im hier vorgelegten ersten Te il wird das kanonische Wissen mit dem Schwerpunkt Struktur der Atome und einer Einführung in die moderne Spektroskopie zusammengetragen. Der zweite Band vertieft ausgewählte Themen aus der modernen Optik, konzentriert sich dann auf die Molekülphysik sowie ihre Spektroskopie und führt in die Physik atomarer Stoßprozesse ein. Insgesamt möchten die beiden Bände dieses Lehrbuchs dem interessierten Leser zeigen, dass Atome, Moleküle und optische Physik nicht nur die Grundlagen für weite Gebiet der Physik und ihrer Nachbardisziplinen beinhalten, sondern nach wie vor ein lebendiger Bereich der modernen physikalischen Forschung sind.
Atome, Moleküle und optische Physik 2

Atome, Moleküle und optische Physik 2

Author: Ingolf V. Hertel, C.-P. Schulz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642119735
Pages: 630
Year: 2010-11-25
Das Buch wendet sich in erster Linie an fortgeschrittene Studierende der Physik und der Physikalischen Chemie bis hin zur Promotion. Es bietet eine detaillierte Einführung in die wichtigsten Themenkomplexe der Atom- und Molekülphysik und der damit verbundenen Methoden moderner optischer Physik. In vielen ausgewählten Teilgebieten führt es bis hin zum aktuellen Stand der Forschung. Zugleich spricht es aber auch den aktiven Wissenschaftler an und will ein Standardwerk des Gebietes sein. Durch klar strukturierte Kapitel wird der Leser - ausgehend von den Grundlagen der Quantenphysik - schrittweise mit den wichtigsten Phänomenen, Modellen und Messmethoden vertraut gemacht. Dabei liegt der Fokus auf dem Experiment und seiner Interpretation – die notwendige Theorie wird aus kompakt eingeführt. Der vorausgehende erste Band konzentriert sich auf die Struktur der Atome und eine Einführung in moderne Methoden der Spektroskopie. Im vorliegenden zweiten Teil geht es um die Struktur von Molekülen und ihre Spektroskopie sowie um Streuphysik, die – komplementär zu den gebundenen Molekülzuständen – das Kontinuum behandelt. Schließlich werden ausgewählte Kapitel der Laserphysik, der modernen Optik und Quantenoptik behandelt. Insgesamt möchten die beiden Bände dieses Lehrbuchs dem interessierten Leser zeigen, dass Atom-, Molekül- und optische Physik nach wie vor ein lebendiger Bereich der modernen physikalischen Forschung ist.
Atomic and Quantum Physics

Atomic and Quantum Physics

Author: Hermann Haken, Hans C. Wolf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642970141
Pages: 458
Year: 2012-12-06
Atomic physics and its underlying quantum theory are the point of departure for many modern areas of physics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, and even electrical engineering. This textbook provides a careful and eminently readable introduction to the results and methods of empirical atomic physics. The student will acquire the tools of quantum physics and at the same time learn about the interplay between experiment and theory. A chapter on the quantum theory of the chemical bond provides the reader with an introduction to molecular physics. Plenty of problems are given to elucidate the material. The authors also discuss laser physics and nonlinear spectroscopy, incorporating latest experimental results and showing their relevance to basic research. Extra items in the second edition include solutions to the exercises, derivations of the relativistic Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, a detailed theoretical derivation of the Lamb shift, a discussion of new developments in the spectroscopy of inner shells, and new applications of NMR spectroscopy, for instance tomography.
Atoms, Molecules and Optical Physics 2

Atoms, Molecules and Optical Physics 2

Author: Ingolf Volker Hertel, Claus-Peter Schulz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662520443
Pages: 728
Year: 2016-09-22
This is the second volume of textbooks on atomic, molecular and optical physics, aiming at a comprehensive presentation of this highly productive branch of modern physics as an indispensable basis for many areas in physics and chemistry as well as in state of the art bio- and material-sciences. It primarily addresses advanced students (including PhD students), but in a number of selected subject areas the reader is lead up to the frontiers of present research. Thus even the active scientist is addressed. This volume 2 introduces lasers and quantum optics, while the main focus is on the structure of molecules and their spectroscopy, as well as on collision physics as the continuum counterpart to bound molecular states. The emphasis is always on the experiment and its interpretation, while the necessary theory is introduced from this perspective in a compact and occasionally somewhat heuristic manner, easy to follow even for beginners.
Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry

Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry

Author: Hermann Haken, Hans Christoph Wolf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662030756
Pages: 407
Year: 2013-03-09
This textbook introduces the molecular and quantum chemistry needed to understand the physical properties of molecules and their chemical bonds. It follows the authors' earlier textbook "The Physics of Atoms and Quanta" and presents both experimental and theoretical fundamentals for students in physics and physical and theoretical chemistry. The new edition treats new developments in areas such as high-resolution two-photon spectroscopy, ultrashort pulse spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, optical investigation of single molecules in condensed phase, electroluminescence, and light-emitting diodes.
Optical Properties of Solids

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Mark Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199573360
Pages: 396
Year: 2010-03-25
The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solids. All of the chapters have been updated and improved, and new sections on optical control of spin, quantum dots, plasmonics, negative refraction, carbon nanostructures and diamond NV centres have been added.
Conductors, Semiconductors, Superconductors

Conductors, Semiconductors, Superconductors

Author: Rudolf P Hübener
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319240102
Pages: 237
Year: 2015-11-05
This undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to the fundamentals of solid state physics, including a description of the key people in the field and the historic context. The book concentrates on the electric and magnetic properties of materials. It is written for students up to the bachelor level in the fields of physics, materials science, and electric engineering. Because of its vivid explanations and its didactic approach, it can also serve as a motivating pre-stage and supporting companion in the study of the established and more detailed textbooks of solid state physics. The textbook is suitable for a quick repetition prior to examinations. This second edition is extended considerably by detailed mathematical treatments in many chapters, as well as extensive coverage of magnetic impurities.
Photons

Photons

Author: Klaus Hentschel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319952528
Pages: 231
Year: 2018-08-16
This book focuses on the gradual formation of the concept of ‘light quanta’ or ‘photons’, as they have usually been called in English since 1926. The great number of synonyms that have been used by physicists to denote this concept indicates that there are many different mental models of what ‘light quanta’ are: simply finite, ‘quantized packages of energy’ or ‘bullets of light’? ‘Atoms of light’ or ‘molecules of light’? ‘Light corpuscles’ or ‘quantized waves’? Singularities of the field or spatially extended structures able to interfere? ‘Photons’ in G.N. Lewis’s sense, or as defined by QED, i.e. virtual exchange particles transmitting the electromagnetic force? The term ‘light quantum’ made its first appearance in Albert Einstein’s 1905 paper on a “heuristic point of view” to cope with the photoelectric effect and other forms of interaction of light and matter, but the mental model associated with it has a rich history both before and after 1905. Some of its semantic layers go as far back as Newton and Kepler, some are only fully expressed several decades later, while others initially increased in importance then diminished and finally vanished. In conjunction with these various terms, several mental models of light quanta were developed—six of them are explored more closely in this book. It discusses two historiographic approaches to the problem of concept formation: (a) the author’s own model of conceptual development as a series of semantic accretions and (b) Mark Turner’s model of ‘conceptual blending’. Both of these models are shown to be useful and should be explored further. This is the first historiographically sophisticated history of the fully fledged concept and all of its twelve semantic layers. It systematically combines the history of science with the history of terms and a philosophically inspired history of ideas in conjunction with insights from cognitive science.
Chiral Recognition in the Gas Phase

Chiral Recognition in the Gas Phase

Author: Anne Zehnacker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420082280
Pages: 247
Year: 2010-05-25
Understanding the molecular interactions responsible for chiral recognition is of primary importance in life chemistry. Gas-phase experiments on either neutral or ionic adducts of chiral molecules allow for the study of intrinsic properties of chiral recognition in solvent-free conditions. With contributions from a panel of international experts exploring a variety of subjects, Chiral Recognition in the Gas Phase describes the structural and energetic aspects of these interactions. Optical spectroscopy The first part of the book focuses on optical spectroscopy in jet-cooled conditions in neutral chiral molecules and complexes. The spectroscopic methods range from microwave, IR, and UV spectroscopy to circular dichroism effects in photoelectron spectroscopy. The book also discusses issues related to the homochirality of life. Mass spectrometry The second section describes mass spectrometry approaches to chiral recognition in ionic complexes. These approaches encompass the study of the stability of supramolecular chiral host-guest adducts, the study of chiral catalysts and chiral selectors, the use of small DNA sequences as auxiliaries for discriminating the enantiomers of amino-acids, and the probe of the chirality of a single amino acid within a peptide chain. Chiral recognition on a molecular level is essential for the rational design of chiral separation media and for understanding the fundamental interactions between biological molecules. It is especially important in all of the life chemistries, particularly in pharmacology, due to the differences in behavior between the enantiomers of a chiral molecule embedded in a chiral surrounding. This volume cogently and comprehensively describes the state-of-the-art work that has been devoted to understanding of the forces at play in chiral recognition.
Encyclopedia of Algorithms

Encyclopedia of Algorithms

Author: Ming-Yang Kao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387307702
Pages: 1166
Year: 2008-08-06
One of Springer’s renowned Major Reference Works, this awesome achievement provides a comprehensive set of solutions to important algorithmic problems for students and researchers interested in quickly locating useful information. This first edition of the reference focuses on high-impact solutions from the most recent decade, while later editions will widen the scope of the work. All entries have been written by experts, while links to Internet sites that outline their research work are provided. The entries have all been peer-reviewed. This defining reference is published both in print and on line.
Brain Theory From A Circuits And Systems Perspective

Brain Theory From A Circuits And Systems Perspective

Author: John Robert Burger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461464129
Pages: 227
Year: 2013-05-31
This book models an idealized neuron as being driven by basic electrical elements, the goal being to systematically characterize the logical properties of neural pulses. In order to constitute a system, neurons as pulsating devices may be represented using novel circuit elements as delineated in this book. A plausible brain system is implied by the delineated elements and logically follows from known and likely properties of a neuron. New to electrical science are novel pulse-related circuit elements involving recursive neurons. A recursive neuron, when properly excited, produces a self-sustaining pulse train that when sampled, provides a true output with a specified probability, and a false output with complementary probability. Because of its similarity to the qubits of quantum mechanics, the recursive pulsating neuron is termed a simulated qubit. Recursive neurons easily function as controlled toggle devices and so are capable of massively parallel calculations, this being a new dimension in brain functioning as described in this book. Simulated qubits and their possibilities are compared to the qubits of quantum physics. Included in the book are suggested neural circuits for associative memory search via a randomized process of cue selection, and neural circuits for priority calculations. These serve to select returns from long term memory, which in turn determines one's next conscious thought or action based on past memorized experiences. The book reports on proposals involving electron tunneling between synapses, and quantum computations within neurons. Although not a textbook, there are easy exercises at the ends of chapters, and in the appendix there are twelve simulation experiments concerning neurons. ​
Band Theory of Metals

Band Theory of Metals

Author: Simon L. Altmann
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483158993
Pages: 264
Year: 2013-10-22
Band Theory of Metals: The Elements focuses on the band theory of solids. The book first discusses revision of quantum mechanics. Topics include Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, normalization, stationary states, wave and group velocities, mean values, and variational method. The text takes a look at the free-electron theory of metals, including heat capacities, density of states, Fermi energy, core and metal electrons, and eigenfunctions in three dimensions. The book also reviews the effects of crystal fields in one dimension. The eigenfunctions of the translations; symmetry operations of the linear chain; use of translational symmetry; degeneracy of the Bloch functions; and effects of inversion are described. The text also focuses on Bloch functions and Brillouin zones in three dimensions. Concerns include symmetry in the reciprocal space; scalar product and reciprocal vectors; Brillouin zones of higher order; and conditions for the faces of the Brillouin zones. The book is a good source of data for readers interested in the band theory of solids.
Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics

Author: D.I. Blokhintsev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401097119
Pages: 551
Year: 2012-12-06
The English translation of Osnovy kvantovol mekhaniki has been made from the third and fourth Russian editions. These contained a number of important additions and changes as compared with the first two editions. The main additions concern collision theory, and applications of quantum mechanics to the theory of the atomic nucleus and to the theory of elementary particles. The development of these branches in recent years, resulting from the very rapid progress made in nuclear physics, has been so great that such additions need scarcely be defended. Some additions relating to methods have also been made, for example concerning the quasiclassical approxi mation, the theory of the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients and several other matters with which the modern physicist needs to be acquainted. The alterations that have been made involve not only the elimination of obviously out-of-date material but also the refinement of various formulations and statements. For these refinements I am indebted to many persons who at different times have expressed to me their critical comments and suggestions. Particularly important changes have been made regarding the definition of a quantum ensemble in Section 14.