Throughout Europe there is great interest in developing a common European legal culture. The European Parliament has twice called for the creation of a European Civil Code. The principles of European contract law are essential steps in these projects.
"Non-contractual liability arising out of damage caused to another" is one of the three main non-contractual obligations dealt with in the DCFR. The law of non-contractual liability arising out of damage caused to another (in the Common Law known as tort law or the law of torts, but in most other jurisdictions referred to as the law of delict) is the area of law which determines whether one who has suffered a damage can on that account demand reparation (in money or in kind) from another with whom there may be no other legal connection than the causation of damage itself. Besides determining the scope and extent of responsibility for dangers of one's own or another's creation, this field of law serves to protect fundamental rights in the private law domain, that is to say horizontally between citizens inter se. Based on pan-European comparative research which annotates the work, this volume presents model rules on liability. Explanatory comments and illustrations amplify the policy decisions involved. During the drafting process, comparative material from over 25 different EU jurisdictions has been taken into account. The work therefore is not only a presentation of a future model for European rules to come but provides also a fairly detailed indication of the present legal situation in the Member States.
No Sales rights in German-speaking countries, Eastern Europe, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, South and Central America
Author: E. H. Hondius
Publisher: sellier. european law publ.
The sales contact has served as the paradigm for contracts in general. Moreover, it is also probably the most common contract, and certainly the most common consumer contract that there is. Furthermore, there are many mixed transactions that contain a certain element of sale, such as distribution contracts or all sorts or manufacturing contracts. This book presents the rules regarding sales contracts under European law. The principles examined here start from the idea of a uniform regime for all kind of sales transactions. Moreover, these principles aim to meet the needs of international and national commerce alike and attempt to create a truly uniform sales law, bridging the differentiation into different settings, different parties to the contract, and different object of sales. However, when deemed necessary, certain provisions are declared mandatory in consumer sales in order to protect the weaker party in the transaction involved. To that end, a balance is struck between the two major international instruments in this area, the CISG (Contracts for the International Sale of Goods) and the Consumer Sales Directive. Moreover, during the drafting process, comparative material from over 20 different EU Member States has been taken into account. The work is not only a presentation of a future model for European rules to come, but also provides a fairly detailed indication of the present legal situation in the Member States.
International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law
Author: William Tetley, Silke von Lewinski, Alejandro M Garro, Marcus Lutter, Detlev F Vagts, Gianmaria Ajani, Alfred Conard, Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, Arthur Taylor Von Mehren, André Tunc, Gareth H Jones, Ernst A Kramer, Michael Coester, Thomas Probst, Mary Ann Glendon, Gunnar Karnell, Anthony H Angelo, Frank E Vogel, Dagmar Coester-Waltjen, Karl H Neumayer, Joseph Straus, Bea Verschraegen, René David, Salvatore Patti
L'internet ébranle les modes classiques de fonctionnement de nos sociétés contemporaines. Ce nouvel espace se révèle humain, hétérogène, décentralisé et international. Il transcende les frontières et propose un cadre original dans lequel le commerce juridique se revivifie. L’objet de cet ouvrage est de montrer que la pratique contractuelle, de par sa flexibilité, s’est parfaitement insérée dans cet espace et a acquis, par conséquent, une certaine originalité. Dans une démarche dynamique, l’étude se fonde sur l’applicabilité, a priori, des règles du droit commun des contrats aux contrats conclus par l’internet pour démontrer le renouvellement du droit qui a découlé de la contractualisation en ligne. Enrichie des évolutions législatives récentes, l’approche transversale et internationale retenue permet de corroborer l’adaptation de certaines règles, de la conclusion du contrat au contentieux, aux contrats conclu par voie électronique. Elle met également en lumière le rôle croissant qu’est appelé à jouer le juge et par extension l’arbitre pour corriger les défauts du droit applicable aux contrats conclu par voie électronique. Il en ressort que la singularité de ce nouveau medium, caractérisé par l’immmatérialité des échanges, enrichit et renouvelle la matière. L’ouvrage intéressera les avocats, magistrats, notaires ou juristes d’entreprise; son accessibilité et la clarté du propos attireront les cadres et dirigeants, les fonctionnaires ou encore les professeurs et leurs étudiants.
Calixarenes in the Nanoworld
Author: Jacques Vicens, Jack Harrowfield
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book provides a timely review of both the current state of knowledge and the exciting prospects offered by calixarenes in nanotechnology. The book incorporates several review articles defining the importance of calixarenes as reagents in nanochemistry. Calixarenes in the Nanoworld is designed for a broad audience of professionals in universities, research institutions, and industries engaged in the production of high-tech materials.
Framing French Culture
Author: Peter Poiana, Natalie Edwards, Ben McCann
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Throughout this book, the concept of framing is used to look at art, photography, scientific drawings and cinema as visually constituted, spatially bounded productions. The way these genres relate to that which exists beyond the frame, by means of plastic, chemically transposed, pencil-sketched or moving images allows us to decipher the particular language of the visual and at the same time circumscribe the dialectic between presence and absence that is proper to all visual media. Yet, these kinds of re-framing owe their existence to the ruptures and upheavals that marked the demise of certain discursive systems in the past, announcing the emergence of others that were in turn overturned.
This collaborative collection considers the packaging, presentation and consumption of medieval manuscripts and early printed books in Europe 1350–1550. It showcases innovative research on the history of the book from a range of established and younger scholars from the US and Europe in the fields of English and French Studies, History, Music, and Art History. The collection falls naturally into three sections:• Packaging and Presentation: The physical context of the manuscript and printed book including its binding, visual presentation and internal organization• Consumers: Producers, Owners, and Readers• Consuming the Text: The experience of the audience(s) for booksThese three strands are interdependent, and highlight the materiality of the manuscript or printed book as a consumable, focusing on its ‘consumability’ in the sense of its packaging and presentation, its consumers, and on the act of consumption in the sense of reading and reception or literal decay.