Das Gluecklichste Volk Sieben Jahre Bei Den Piraha Indianern Am Amazonas Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Das glĂĽcklichste Volk

Das glĂĽcklichste Volk

Author: Daniel Leonard Everett
Publisher:
ISBN: 3570551679
Pages: 414
Year: 2012

The Steps of Man Towards Civilization

The Steps of Man Towards Civilization

Author: Georg Oesterdiekhoff
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3842342888
Pages: 236
Year: 2011-01
This book delivers an introduction to the theory programme called structure-genetic sociology. I developed this theory programme in the past 30 years. In the meantime, I have written ten books and numerous articles about the subject. The programme mainly bases on developmental psychology and has worked it out to a theory of the evolution of humankind. It encompasses a theory of social change and social evolution, a theory of the development of economy, society, culture, sciences, religion, morals, law, and manners. The fact of the anthropological evolution of humankind from lower, childlike anthropological stages to more elaborated stages is the most groundbreaking and fascinating fact in all social sciences and humanities. It is the only phenomenon within humanities and social sciences whose relevance and importance corresponds to the fact of biological evolution provided by Darwin?'s evolutionary theory. This fact forms the kernel of the entire theory programme.Structure-genetic sociology is the theoretical heir of the outstanding classical approaches such as the classical sociologies, the classical British anthropology, the ethnology of Lucien L vy-Bruhl, the developmental psychology of Jean Piaget, and the philosophy of symbolic forms of Ernst Cassirer. We can understand these classical achievements only against the background of the more elaborated empirical foundations and theoretical structures of my structure-genetic sociology. It helps to verify, to correct, to develop, and to improve the best traditions of social sciences and humanities. Structure-genetic sociology formulates the essence of three hundred years of social sciences and humanities.
Ich-Bewusstsein und menschlicher Geist

Ich-Bewusstsein und menschlicher Geist

Author: Kurt Widmaier
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3735782973
Pages: 180
Year: 2018-05-11
Die Verbindungen und Gemeinsamkeiten der Erkenntnisse mehrerer Wissenschaften, die sich mit der Psyche, dem Geist oder dem Gehirn befassen, sowie spirituellen Aussagen lassen darauf schließen, dass das menschliche Bewusstsein eine innere Struktur besitzt, die nicht nur auf seiner biologischen Entwicklung beruht, sondern die auch von der Kultur geprägt wird, in der ein Mensch aufwächst. Die Interaktionen mit dem sozialen Umfeld bewirken in der frühen Kindheit unmerkliche Veränderungen in der Psyche und im Bewusstsein. Neben psychologischen Erkenntnissen weisen vor allem spirituelle Quellen darauf hin, dass unser Wohlbefinden dadurch stärker beeinflusst wird als wir meinen.
Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie

Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie

Author: Gerald Hartung, Matthias Herrgen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658109785
Pages: 288
Year: 2015-12-14
Religion, das Phänomen des Religiösen, Religiosität als Verhaltensweise sowie die vielfältigen Formen religiöser Praxis stehen im Zentrum wissenschaftlicher Debatten und alltäglicher sozialpolitischer Diskussionen über die Grenzbestimmungen von Kulturen, Gesellschaften und Individuen. Dieser Band versammelt Beiträge aus den Natur-, Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, um einen interdisziplinären Dialog zum Thema Religiosität zu eröffnen. Der Diskursteil enthält einen Hauptbeitrag, Kommentare aus unterschiedlichen Fachgebieten sowie eine Replik. Komplettiert wird das Jahrbuch mit den Rubriken „Forschung“, „Beiträge“, „Projekte“, „Rezensionen“ und „Kalender“, die allesamt zur Diskussionslandschaft einer Interdisziplinären Anthropologie beitragen.
Don't Sleep, There are Snakes

Don't Sleep, There are Snakes

Author: Daniel Everett
Publisher: Profile Books
ISBN: 1847651224
Pages: 327
Year: 2010-07-09
Although Daniel Everett was a missionary, far from converting the Pirahs, they converted him. He shows the slow, meticulous steps by which he gradually mastered their language and his gradual realisation that its unusual nature closely reflected its speakers' startlingly original perceptions of the world. Everett describes how he began to realise that his discoveries about the Pirah language opened up a new way of understanding how language works in our minds and in our lives, and that this way was utterly at odds with Noam Chomsky's universally accepted linguistic theories. The perils of passionate academic opposition were then swiftly conjoined to those of the Amazon in a debate whose outcome has yet to be won. Everett's views are most recently discussed in Tom Wolfe's bestselling The Kingdom of Speech. Adventure, personal enlightenment and the makings of a scientific revolution proceed together in this vivid, funny and moving book.
Der Begriff der Kultur

Der Begriff der Kultur

Author: Arbeitskreis Kultur- und Sozialphilosophie
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839424143
Pages: 260
Year: 2014-03
Was ist eigentlich gemeint mit Kultur? Es liegt im Interesse der Kulturphilosophie, den Kulturbegriff zu klären und ihn als analytische Kategorie zu profilieren. Um den Begriff tragfähig definieren zu können, untersucht dieser Band den inneren Zusammenhang der unterschiedlichen Aspekte der Kulturalität des Menschen. Die Lebenswelt und die Lebensweisen werden dabei als gleichermaßen zur Kulturalität des Menschen gehörig und in ihrer wechselseitigen Abhängigkeit begriffen. Dies schafft die Grundlage für ein weites und gleichermaßen tiefes Verständnis des Menschen als kulturellem Wesen, das im disziplinübergreifenden Dialog weiter ausgebaut wird.
Beratungswissen auf den Punkt gebracht

Beratungswissen auf den Punkt gebracht

Author: Detlef Barth
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3738679529
Pages: 276
Year: 2015-04-20
Unsere postmoderne Gesellschaft ist ohne Beratung kaum noch denkbar. Entsprechend boomt der Beratungsmarkt und mit ihm die Unübersichtlichkeit. Und immer wieder entstehen neue Herausforderungen. Um die psychologischen und soziologischen Faktoren von Beratung besser einordnen und verstehen zu können, haben die Autoren sich die Aufgabe gestellt, ursprüngliche und aktuelle Entwicklungen möglichst kurz und bündig an die Leserschaft heranzutragen. Dieses Handbuch richtet sich an Studierende der Erziehungswissenschaften, Sozialen Arbeit und Psychologie, aber auch an professionell tätige Coaches, Berater/-innen, Therapeut/-innen und Trainer/-innen und alle, die es werden wollen. Die genannten Berufsgruppen erhalten einen Überblick über das Grundlagenwissen psychosozialer Beratung wie bspw.: •die Geschichte der Beratung (einmal anders betrachtet), •Herausforderungen von Beratung in der Postmoderne •die diversen Aspekte von Beratung (wie bspw. typische Aufgaben, klassische Beratungsthemen, psychische Belastungssituation von Begleiter/-innen, ethische Standards, Denkanstöße für die Beratungsforschung, Beratungsansätze der diversen psychologischen Schulrichtungen, Beratungsformen, etc.) •ergänzende Beratungsmodelle (Aufstellungsmethoden, NLP, Traumaberatung) •Psychosoziale Beratung – einmal kritisch betrachtet •Grundlagen einer Didaktik und Methodik von Beratung
How Language Began: The Story of Humanity's Greatest Invention

How Language Began: The Story of Humanity's Greatest Invention

Author: Daniel L. Everett
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 087140477X
Pages: 384
Year: 2017-11-07
How Language Began revolutionizes our understanding of the one tool that has allowed us to become the "lords of the planet." Mankind has a distinct advantage over other terrestrial species: we talk to one another. But how did we acquire the most advanced form of communication on Earth? Daniel L. Everett, a “bombshell” linguist and “instant folk hero” (Tom Wolfe, Harper’s), provides in this sweeping history a comprehensive examination of the evolutionary story of language, from the earliest speaking attempts by hominids to the more than seven thousand languages that exist today. Although fossil hunters and linguists have brought us closer to unearthing the true origins of language, Daniel Everett’s discoveries have upended the contemporary linguistic world, reverberating far beyond academic circles. While conducting field research in the Amazonian rainforest, Everett came across an age-old language nestled amongst a tribe of hunter-gatherers. Challenging long-standing principles in the field, Everett now builds on the theory that language was not intrinsic to our species. In order to truly understand its origins, a more interdisciplinary approach is needed—one that accounts as much for our propensity for culture as it does our biological makeup. Language began, Everett theorizes, with Homo Erectus, who catalyzed words through culturally invented symbols. Early humans, as their brains grew larger, incorporated gestures and voice intonations to communicate, all of which built on each other for 60,000 generations. Tracing crucial shifts and developments across the ages, Everett breaks down every component of speech, from harnessing control of more than a hundred respiratory muscles in the larynx and diaphragm, to mastering the use of the tongue. Moving on from biology to execution, Everett explores why elements such as grammar and storytelling are not nearly as critical to language as one might suspect. In the book’s final section, Cultural Evolution of Language, Everett takes the ever-debated “language gap” to task, delving into the chasm that separates “us” from “the animals.” He approaches the subject from various disciplines, including anthropology, neuroscience, and archaeology, to reveal that it was social complexity, as well as cultural, physiological, and neurological superiority, that allowed humans—with our clawless hands, breakable bones, and soft skin—to become the apex predator. How Language Began ultimately explains what we know, what we’d like to know, and what we likely never will know about how humans went from mere communication to language. Based on nearly forty years of fieldwork, Everett debunks long-held theories by some of history’s greatest thinkers, from Plato to Chomsky. The result is an invaluable study of what makes us human.
Sorgenkind Schule

Sorgenkind Schule

Author: Reiner Ruffing
Publisher: Verlag Ferd.Sch├╢ningh GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3506770632
Pages: 140
Year: 2010-09-15
Wie das Haus des Lernens zum Sorgenkind wurde! Pointiert und schöpfend aus dem reichen Erfahrungsschatz eines Lehrers thematisiert Reiner Ruffing die wahren Ursachen der Bildungsmisere in Deutschland. Die Schule kann ihre eigentliche Aufgabe nicht mehr erfüllen. Das wird durch eine überbordende Bürokratie und überhandnehmende Kontrollaufgaben verhindert. Heute haben Außendarstellung und funktionsgerechtes Verhalten Vorrang vor Bildung und Unterricht. Das Ziel des Schuljahres erscheint dann erreicht, wenn das Klassenbuch und die Listen korrekt ausgefüllt sind, Klassenarbeiten termingerecht und vollständig eingereicht wurden, Fehltage ordentlich registriert und abgemahnt, Zensuren von einer Liste auf die andere übertragen sowie eine bestimmte Anzahl von Veranstaltungen, Konferenzen durchgeführt worden sind. Die unter den Stichwörtern PISA und Qualitätsmanagement eingeleitete Schulreform wirkt kontraproduktiv. Anstatt die Qualität der Bildung zu verbessern, ziehen die Programme der internen und externen Evaluation weitere Energie vom Unterricht ab. Anhand vieler einzelner Beispiele aus dem Schulalltag wird aufgezeigt, was Tag für Tag an deutschen Schulen Bildung verhindert und was substanziell verändert werden müsste, damit die Schule zu einem Haus des Lernens wird. Der Autor: Reiner Ruffing ist promovierter Philosoph, gibt in der Erwachsenenbildung und an Universitäten Lehrveranstaltungen und ist seit mehr als 20 Jahren Lehrer.
Lectures on Government and Binding

Lectures on Government and Binding

Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311088416X
Pages: 381
Year: 1993-01-01
The architecture of the human language faculty has been one of the main foci of the linguistic research of the last half century. This branch of linguistics, broadly known as Generative Grammar, is concerned with the formulation of explanatory formal accounts of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior goal of gaining insight into the properties of the 'language organ'. The series comprises high quality monographs and collected volumes that address such issues. The topics in this series range from phonology to semantics, from syntax to information structure, from mathematical linguistics to studies of the lexicon.
Now: The Physics of Time

Now: The Physics of Time

Author: Richard A. Muller
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393285243
Pages: 352
Year: 2016-09-20
From the celebrated author of the best-selling Physics for Future Presidents comes “a provocative, strongly argued book on the fundamental nature of time” (Lee Smolin). You are reading the word “now” right now. But what does that mean? What makes the ephemeral moment “now” so special? Its enigmatic character has bedeviled philosophers, priests, and modern-day physicists from Augustine to Einstein and beyond. Einstein showed that the flow of time is affected by both velocity and gravity, yet he despaired at his failure to explain the meaning of “now.” Equally puzzling: why does time flow? Some physicists have given up trying to understand, and call the flow of time an illusion, but the eminent experimentalist physicist Richard A. Muller protests. He says physics should explain reality, not deny it. In Now, Muller does more than poke holes in past ideas; he crafts his own revolutionary theory, one that makes testable predictions. He begins by laying out—with the refreshing clarity that made Physics for Future Presidents so successful—a firm and remarkably clear explanation of the physics building blocks of his theory: relativity, entropy, entanglement, antimatter, and the Big Bang. With the stage then set, he reveals a startling way forward. Muller’s monumental work will spark major debate about the most fundamental assumptions of our universe, and may crack one of physics’s longest-standing enigmas.
Child of the Jungle

Child of the Jungle

Author: Sabine Kuegler
Publisher: Grand Central Publishing
ISBN: 0759572720
Pages: 272
Year: 2007-03-02
A #1 bestseller in Europe, CHILD OF THE JUNGLE tells the remarkable story of a childhood and adolescence spent caught between two modes of existence-jungle life and Western "civilization." Sabine Kuegler was five years old when her family-her German linguist-missionary parents and her siblings-moved to the territory of the recently discovered hunter-and-gatherer Fayu tribe of Papua New Guinea. The Fayu tribe is best known for being a Stone Age community untouched by modern times-they live an existence characterized by fear, violence, and atavistic ritual (including cannibalism in some regions)-but Sabine's family saw another side to them as well. Once the Kueglers were accepted by a clan chief, they found themselves becoming a part of a tightly knit and fiercely loyal community, and living the primal existence of the Fayu-one marked by the natural cycles of day and night, malaria and other diseases, and daily encounters with wildlife, from swims with crocodiles to dinners of worms. As the Kueglers changed, so did the Fayu people, learning from Sabine's family that there was a way out of their cycle of violence and that forgiveness can be sweeter than revenge. At the age of 17, Sabine found her life turned upside down when she left for Switzerland to attend boarding school and entered traditional society head-on. CHILD OF THE JUNGLE is the story of a life lived among the Fayu and the author's attempt to reconcile her feelings about "civilization" with those about a life she knew and loved.
The Science of Good and Evil

The Science of Good and Evil

Author: Michael Shermer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429996757
Pages: 368
Year: 2005-01-02
From bestselling author Michael Shermer, an investigation of the evolution of morality that is "a paragon of popularized science and philosophy" The Sun (Baltimore) A century and a half after Darwin first proposed an "evolutionary ethics," science has begun to tackle the roots of morality. Just as evolutionary biologists study why we are hungry (to motivate us to eat) or why sex is enjoyable (to motivate us to procreate), they are now searching for the very nature of humanity. In The Science of Good and Evil, science historian Michael Shermer explores how humans evolved from social primates to moral primates; how and why morality motivates the human animal; and how the foundation of moral principles can be built upon empirical evidence. Along the way he explains the implications of scientific findings for fate and free will, the existence of pure good and pure evil, and the development of early moral sentiments among the first humans. As he closes the divide between science and morality, Shermer draws on stories from the Yanamamö, infamously known as the "fierce people" of the tropical rain forest, to the Stanford studies on jailers' behavior in prisons. The Science of Good and Evil is ultimately a profound look at the moral animal, belief, and the scientific pursuit of truth.
Red Hat

Red Hat

Author: Renate Schukies, Edward Red Hat, Bill Red Hat
Publisher: LIT Verlag MĂĽnster
ISBN: 3894735856
Pages: 338
Year: 1993-01-01
Distributed by Westview Press. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The Redemption of Black Elk

The Redemption of Black Elk

Author: Linda L. Stampoulos
Publisher: CCB Publishing
ISBN: 1926585925
Pages:
Year: 2010-07-29
As a young child of the Oglala Lakota Sioux, Black Elk had been given a mighty vision which would lead him on a personal journey that lasted his entire life. Although Black Elk's vision was a prophetic message telling the terrible future of his tribe, it also held positive aspects that must be reclaimed. It is through this reclamation that the guiding beacons given to him reveal an ancient pathway woven into the images of the West. By exploring Black Elk's eyewitness account of the crucial events of that time, the author discovered a series of metaphorical footprints that show us the way toward inner strength and a balanced life...125 years later. To help with an interpretation of Black Elk's account, the author invoked the insight of Joseph Campbell, one of the world's foremost authorities on societal ideologies. Through his understanding of symbol and metaphor Campbell was able to examine the metaphorical footprints and provide us with a twenty-first century "spin" that a simple man generations before could only imagine. This book offers a new look at Black Elk's footprints and together with the insight of Joseph Campbell, presents an inward path to the positive forces within each of us, waiting for discovery. About the Author: Linda L. Stampoulos lives in New Jersey, and often travels to the West to research material her books. After completing her Undergraduate and Graduate Degrees at Montclair State University, she went on to Columbia University, to earn her Doctorate in Education. She has taught at both the Undergraduate and Graduate levels in the Schools of Health Foundations and Educational Foundations at Montclair State University. A large portion of her curriculum included the works of Joseph Campbell. She is President of Pompano Associates, Inc. a Women s Business Enterprise, certified by the State of New Jersey Department of Commerce. They can be found at: www.Pompanobooks.com Her last book, "Images of America: Visiting the Grand Canyon, Views of Early Tourism" was listed among the Southwest Books of the Year, Best Reading 2004. In addition, she has previously worked with Arcadia Publishing on several projects, including "Fort Peck Indian Reservation; The Little Bighorn, Tiospaye; "and" The Grand Canyon: Native People and Early Visitors." She is a consultant for Lenape tribal members who are writing a new book exploring the history of the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In addition, she has devoted over twenty-five years to work in the field of Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Services.