Gutes besser tun
Author: William MacAskill
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
Soll ich einen Flüchtling bei mir beherbergen? Ist es sinnvoll, nach Naturkatastrophen zu spenden? Übernehme ich besser die Patenschaft für ein Kind aus Äthiopien oder für ein Kind aus Deutschland? Helfe ich den Betroffenen, oder beruhige ich nur mein Gewissen? William MacAskill hat mit dem Konzept des effektiven Altruismus eine Antwort gefunden. Er nennt die Kriterien für sinnvolles und nachhaltiges Helfen. Oft sind es scheinbar kleine Handlungen, die Großes bewirken: Eine einfache Wurmkur verbessert die Lebensqualität afrikanischer Kinder mehr als eine teure Wasserpumpe fürs ganze Dorf. MacAskill zeigt, warum gut gemeint und gut gemacht zwei verschiedene Dinge sind und wie wir Veränderungen am besten erreichen können. Sein Buch ist eine konkrete Handreichung für alle, die Gutes noch besser tun wollen.
Doing Good Better
Author: William MacAskill
" ... MacAskill and his colleagues developed effective altruism - a practical, data-driven approach to doing good that allows us to make a tremendous difference regardless of our resources. Effective altruists operate by asking certain key questions, which force them to think differently, overcome biases, and use evidence and careful reasoning rather than act on impulse."--Page 4 of cover.
Wissen statt Glauben!
Author: Bernd Vowinkel
Publisher: Lola Books
Die großen Fortschritte der Naturwissenschaften während der letzten Jahrzehnte haben zu einem neuen, wissensbasierten Weltbild geführt. Selbst für die zentralen philosophischen Fragen wie die nach dem Menschenbild, der Ethik und dem Sinn unserer Existenz gibt es mittlerweile wissenschaftliche Ansätze. Sie ersetzen althergebrachte religiöse und metaphysische Deutungen. Der in diesem Buch vorgestellte "neue Humanismus" stützt sich im Wesentlichen auf den Naturalismus. Man könnte ihn daher auch als "naturalistischen Humanismus" bezeichnen. Als solcher kann er als Weiterentwicklung des von Julian Huxley begründeten "evolutionären Humanismus" verstanden werden, wobei die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Forschungsergebnisse und technischen Entwicklungen im Bereich der Digitalisierung und des Transhumanismus Berücksichtigung finden. Das hier beschriebene Weltbild des neuen Humanismus ist keine weitere subjektive Weltanschauung, sondern der Versuch, die Welt mit den objektiven Methoden der Wissenschaft und basierend auf deren Fakten zu beschreiben. Ganz fundamentale Positionen sind hierbei der Respekt vor der Wirklichkeit und die kritische Einstellung gegenüber Dogmen und Autoritäten. Von Göttern und Dämonen hat sich der neue Humanismus endgültig verabschiedet. Neu steht die Zukunftsoffenheit des Menschen im Vordergrund. Das Bild des Menschen als "Krone der Schöpfung" hat ein für alle Mal ausgedient.
The Most Good You Can Do
Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Yale University Press
Peter Singer’s books and ideas have been disturbing our complacency ever since the appearance of Animal Liberation. Now he directs our attention to a challenging new movement in which his own ideas have played a crucial role: effective altruism. Effective altruism is built upon the simple but profoundly unsettling idea that living a fully ethical life involves doing the "most good you can do." Such a life requires a rigorously unsentimental view of charitable giving: to be a worthy recipient of our support, an organization must be able to demonstrate that it will do more good with our money or our time than other options open to us. Singer introduces us to an array of remarkable people who are restructuring their lives in accordance with these ideas, and shows how, paradoxically, living altruistically often leads to greater personal fulfillment than living for oneself. Doing the Most Good develops the challenges Singer has made, in the New York Times and Washington Post, to those who donate to the arts, and to charities focused on helping our fellow citizens, rather than those for whom we can do the most good. Effective altruists are extending our knowledge of the possibilities of living less selfishly, and of allowing reason, rather than emotion, to determine how we live. Doing the Most Good offers new hope for our ability to tackle the world’s most pressing problems.
Author: Tillmann Bendikowski
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
Im Herbst 2015 wurde in Deutschland die Willkommenskultur geboren. Eine Kultur des Helfens, die schnell, pragmatisch und effektiv von tausenden Menschen gelebt wurde, um jenen ein erstes Überleben zu sichern, die zu Hunderttausenden vor Krieg und Hunger flohen. Infrastrukturen des Helfens entstanden binnen kürzester Zeit aus der Mitte der Bürgergesellschaft und ließen staatliche Hilfssysteme starr und schwerfällig erscheinen. Tillmann Bendikowski hat das zum Anlass genommen, diesem erstaunlichen Phänomen in Geschichte und Gegenwart nachzuspüren. Anhand von Gesprächen mit Menschen, die unterschiedliche Erfahrungen mit dem Helfen gemacht haben, und mit Blick auf jene, die zu Ikonen der Barmherzigkeit geworden sind, zeigt er, wie Hilfsbereitschaft Menschen und Gesellschaften verändert und dass diese ein Gradmesser für die Menschlichkeit einer Gemeinschaft sein kann. Bendikowski forscht aber auch nach psychologischen Aspekten des Helfenwollens.
Oregon City Floods
Author: Clackamas County Historical Society
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
Native American legends from times long ago tell of great floods that covered the earth in the Pacific Northwest. Early fur trappers describe the Willamette River as a sheet of water covering the land as far as the eye can see in the early 1800s. As American settlement of the Oregon Territory began in the 1840s, a great flood carried away many of the new businesses at the base of majestic Willamette Falls. Again and again the rivers rose, inundating the historic city to the north and south. But Oregon City, the first incorporated city in the Oregon Territory, survives, thrives, and grows despite these floods.
Author: Benjamin J. Todd
Find a fulfilling career that tackles the world's most pressing problems, using this guide based on five years of research alongside academics at Oxford. You have about 80,000 hours in your career: 40 hours a week, 50 weeks a year, for 40 years. This means your choice of career is one of the most important decisions you'll ever make. Make the right choices, and you can help solve some of the world's most pressing problems, as well as have a more rewarding, interesting life. For such an important decision, however, there's surprisingly little good advice out there. Most career advice focuses on things like how to write a CV, and much of the rest is just (misleading) platitudes like "follow your passion". Most people we speak to don't even use career advice - they just speak to friends and try to figure it out for themselves. When it comes to helping others with your career the advice usually assumes you need to work as a teacher, doctor, charity worker, and so on, even though these paths might not be a good fit for you, and were not what the highest-impact people in history did. This guide is based on five years of research conducted alongside academics at the University of Oxford. It aims to help you find a career you enjoy, you're good at, and that tackles the world's most pressing problems. It covers topics like: 1. What makes for a dream job, and why "follow your passion" can be misleading. 2. Why the most effective ways to make a difference aren't always the obvious ones like working at a charity, or becoming a doctor. 3. How to compare global problems, like climate change and education, in terms of their scale and urgency. 4. How to discover and develop your strengths. It's also full of practical tips and tools. You'll come away with a plan to use your 80,000 hours in a way that's fulfilling and high impact. What people are saying "Based on evidence and good sense, not platitudes" - Steven Pinker, New York Times bestselling author Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. "This incredible group is helping people have a greater social impact with their careers." - Sue Desmond-Hellmann, CEO of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. "Every college grad should read this" - Tim Urban, creator of Wait But Why. Read more online This book is based on the free guide you can find on the 80,000 Hours website, where you can find many more articles and our most up-to-date content. All profits from the book are used to fund 80,000 Hours, expanding our research and enabling us to reach more people. About the authors 80,000 Hours is an independent non-profit founded in Oxford in 2011. It performs research into career choice, and provides online and in-person advice. Benjamin Todd is the CEO and co-founder of 80,000 Hours. He grew the organization from a student society at Oxford to a non-profit that's raised $1.3m in donations, and has 100,000 monthly readers. He has a Master's degree in Physics and Philosophy from Oxford, and speaks Chinese, badly. Ben is advised by the rest of the 80,000 Hours team, including Professor Will MacAskill, author of Doing Good Better, co-founder of the Effective Altruism movement, and one of the youngest tenured professors of philosophy in the world.
Crucible of Fire
Author: Bruce Hensler
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
Urban conflagrations, such as the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 and the Great Boston Fire the following year, terrorized the citizens of nineteenth-century American cities. However, urban rebirth in the aftermath of great fires offered a chance to shape the future. Ultimately residents and planners created sweeping changes in the methods of constructing buildings, planning city streets, engineering water distribution systems, underwriting fire insurance, and firefighting itself. Crucible of Fire describes how the practical knowledge gained from fighting nineteenth-century fires gave form and function to modern fire protection efforts. Changes in materials and building design resulted directly from tragedies such as fires in supposedly fireproof hotels. Thousands of buildings burned, millions of dollars were lost, the fire insurance industry faltered, and the nature of volunteerism changed radically before municipal authorities took the necessary actions. The great fires formed a crucible of learning for firefighters, engineers, architects, underwriters, and citizens. Veteran firefighter Bruce Hensler shows how the modern American fire service today is a direct result of the lessons of history and a rethinking of the efficacy of volunteerism in fighting fires. Crucible of Fire is an eye-opening look at today's fire service and a thorough examination of what firefighters, civic leaders, and ordinary citizens can do to protect their homes and communities from the mistakes of the past.
The Life You Can Save
Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
Argues that for the first time in history we're in a position to end extreme poverty throughout the world, both because of our unprecedented wealth and advances in technology, therefore we can no longer consider ourselves good people unless we give more to the poor. Reprint.
The Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011 left the entire world in a state of shock. The international community was unable to fathom how a major economic power, with one of the most extensive natural disaster preparedness programs in the world, could be laid bare to such destruction. Even other highly developed countries began questioning their own abilities to handle natural disasters. Different nations have faced disasters of varying intensity throughout history, and it is in the best interests of the global community to share experiences and wisdom in order to minimize damage wrought by future catastrophes. Based on conference proceedings presented at The Chinese University of Hong Kong in November 2012, Natural Disaster and Reconstruction in Asian Economies offers leading insight into and viewpoints on disasters from scholars and journalists working in Japan, China, the United States, and Southeast Asia. Yau Shuk-ting focuses on a broader scope of disasters, such as political, economic, social, cultural, and environmental crises, as well as psychological traumas. This work gathers together international wisdom from a variety of perspectives in the hope that nations will be better able to manage future disasters and their economic and cultural fallout.
I am Not a Brain
Author: Markus Gabriel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Many consider the nature of human consciousness to be one of the last great unsolved mysteries. Why should the light turn on, so to speak, in human beings at all? And how is the electrical storm of neurons under our skull connected with our consciousness? Is the self only our brain's user interface, a kind of stage on which a show is performed that we cannot freely direct? In this book, philosopher Markus Gabriel challenges an increasing trend in the sciences towards neurocentrism, a notion which rests on the assumption that the self is identical to the brain. Gabriel raises serious doubts as to whether we can know ourselves in this way. In a sharp critique of this approach, he presents a new defense of the free will and provides a timely introduction to philosophical thought about the self – all with verve, humor, and surprising insights. Gabriel criticizes the scientific image of the world and takes us on an eclectic journey of self-reflection by way of such concepts as self, consciousness, and freedom, with the aid of Kant, Schopenhauer, and Nagel but also Dr. Who, The Walking Dead, and Fargo.
My German Brother
Author: Chico Buarque
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
Ciccio already has many problems: romantic failure, an older brother who seems intent on breaking the heart of every beautiful woman in São Paulo, a distant and larger-than-life father. When Ciccio finds, among the many of his father’s books that line the walls of their house, a troubling letter dated ‘December 21, 1931. Berlin’, his existential crisis only intensifies. It seems that his father once had a child with another woman – a German son whose fate remains unclear. Ciccio sets out on a mission to locate his lost half-brother, and to win the respect of his father. But as Brazil's military government cracks down on dissent, and rumours of arrests and disappearances spread, while Ciccio has been out looking for his German brother, he finds that he has taken his eye off his immediate family... In writing My German Brother, acclaimed Brazilian novelist and musician Chico Buarque was driven by the desire to find out what happened to his own German half-brother – whether he survived the war in a bomb-ravaged Berlin, whether he had joined the ranks of the Hitler Youth. His novel has been a project of a lifetime, one that makes use of what happened, what might have happened, and pure imagination, in order to weave together the threads of narrative and arrive at a truth.
The proposed volume provides both fundamental and detailed information about the computational and computational-experimental studies which improve our knowledge of how leaving matter functions, the different properties of drugs (including the calculation and the design of new ones), and the creation of completely new ways of treating numerical diseases. Whenever it is possible, the interplay between theory and experiment is provided. The book features computational techniques such as quantum-chemical and molecular dynamic approaches and quantitative structure–activity relationships. The initial chapters describe the state-of-the art research on the computational investigations in molecular biology, molecular pharmacy, and molecular medicine performed with the use of pure quantum-chemical techniques. The central part of the book illustrates the status of computational techniques that utilize hybrid, so called QM/MM approximations as well as the results of the QSAR studies which now are the most popular in predicting drugs’ efficiency. The last chapters describe combined computational and experimental investigations.
A call to consciousness that combines spirituality and ecology and offers hope for the future. As the world's population explodes, cultures and species are wiped out, and we have now reached the halfway point of our supplies of oil, humans the world over are confronting difficult choices about how to create a future which works. Thom Hartmann proposes that the ony lasting solution to the crises we face is to re-learn the lessons our ancient ancestors knew - lessons that allowed them to live sustainably for hundreds of thousands of years - but which we've forgotten. Hartmann shows how to find this new and yet ancient way of seeing the world and the life on and in it, allowing us to touch that place where the survival of humanity may be found.
Author: Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo
Why do the poor borrow to save? Why do they miss out on free life-saving immunizations, but pay for unnecessary drugs? In Poor Economics, Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, two practical visionaries working toward ending world poverty, answer these questions from the ground. In a book the Wall Street Journal called “marvelous, rewarding,” the authors tell how the stress of living on less than 99 cents per day encourages the poor to make questionable decisions that feed—not fight—poverty. The result is a radical rethinking of the economics of poverty that offers a ringside view of the lives of the world's poorest, and shows that creating a world without poverty begins with understanding the daily decisions facing the poor.