Halbmond und Hakenkreuz
Author: Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Martin Cüppers
Mit der Landung des Deutschen Afrikakorps im Februar 1941 in Libyen begann die Phase aktiver deutscher Intervention im arabischen Raum. Damit waren weit reichende strategische Planungen zur Eroberung des gesamten Nahen und Mittleren Ostens verbunden. Auch für Palästina war der Massenmord an den dortigen Juden geplant - unter tatkräftiger Mithilfe von arabischen Kollaborateuren vor Ort. Die Aufgabe schien einfach, immerhin hatte sich der Großmufti von Jerusalem, ein Verwandter Arafats, in Berlin mit Hitler getroffen. Das erforderliche deutsche Personal wartete nur auf den Marschbefehl - der all...
Author: Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Martin Cüppers
Publisher: Enigma Books
Well documented factual account of a planned genocide.
Given their geographical separation from Europe, ethno-religious and cultural diversity, and subordinate status within the Nazi racial hierarchy, Middle Eastern societies were both hospitable as well as hostile to National Socialist ideology during the 1930s and 1940s. By focusing on Arab and Turkish reactions to German anti-Semitism and the persecution and mass-murder of European Jews during this period, this expansive collection surveys the institutional and popular reception of Nazism in the Middle East and North Africa. It provides nuanced and scholarly yet accessible case studies of the ways in which nationalism, Islam, anti-Semitism, and colonialism intertwined, all while sensitive to the region’s political, cultural, and religious complexities.
This book considers the evolving strategic interests and foreign policy intent of the Third Reich toward the Arabic-speaking world, from Hitler's assumption of power in January 1933 to 1944, a year following the final Axis defeat in and expulsion from North Africa in May 1943. It does so within the context of two central, interconnected issues in the larger history of National Socialism and the Third Reich, namely Nazi geopolitical interests and ambitions and the regime's racial ideology and policy. This book defines the relatively limited geopolitical interests of Nazi Germany in the Middle East and North Africa within the context of its relationships with the other European great powers and its policies with regard to the Arabs and Jews who lived in those areas.
Jeffrey Herf, a leading scholar in the field, offers the most extensive examination to date of Nazi propaganda activities targeting Arabs and Muslims in the Middle East during World War II and the Holocaust. He draws extensively on previously unused and little-known archival resources, including the shocking transcriptions of the “Axis Broadcasts in Arabic” radio programs, which convey a strongly anti-Semitic message. Herf explores the intellectual, political, and cultural context in which German and European radical anti-Semitism was found to resonate with similar views rooted in a selective appropriation of the traditions of Islam. Pro-Nazi Arab exiles in wartime Berlin, including Haj el-Husseini and Rashid el-Kilani, collaborated with the Nazis in constructing their Middle East propaganda campaign. By integrating the political and military history of the war in the Middle East with the intellectual and cultural dimensions of the propagandistic diffusion of Nazi ideology, Herf offers the most thorough examination to date of this important chapter in the history of World War II. Importantly, he also shows how the anti-Semitism promoted by the Nazi propaganda effort contributed to the anti-Semitism exhibited by adherents of radical forms of Islam in the Middle East today.
This book focuses on the relationship of Palestine-Germans with Arabs and Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine from 1933 to 1948/50: Young Germans marched through Haifa shouting „Heil Hitler!“ and Swastika flags were hoisted at the German consulates. In 1931 a non-Jewish German made the initial contact with Nazi officials that led to the establishment of a miniature Third Reich with local Nazi groups. This is the first book in English on this bizarre „footnote“ in history.
The increasingly vibrant political culture emerging in Lebanon and Syria in the 1930s and early 1940s is key to the understanding of local approaches towards the Nazi German regime. For many contemporary observers in Beirut and Damascus, Nazism not only posed a risk to Europe, but threatened to take root in Arab societies as well. In the first publication to reconstruct Lebanese and Syrian encounters with Nazism in the context of an evolving local political culture and to base its analysis on a comprehensive review of Arab, French and German sources, Götz Nordbruch examines the reactions to the rise of Nazism in the countries under French mandate, spanning from fascination and endorsement to the creation of antifascist networks. Against a background of public discourses, local politics and the shifting regional and international settings, this book interprets public assessments of and contact with the Nazi regime as part of an intellectual quest for orientation in the years between the break-up of the Ottoman Empire and national independence.
Author: Peter Longerich
Publisher: OUP Oxford
As head of the SS, chief of police, 'Reichskommissar for the Consolidation of Germanness', and Reich Interior Minister, Heinrich Himmler enjoyed a position of almost unparalleled power and responsibility in Nazi Germany. Perhaps more than any other single Nazi leader aside from Hitler, his name has become a byword for the terror, persecution, and destruction that characterized the Third Reich. His wide-ranging powers meant that he bore equal responsibility for the repression of the German people on the home front and the atrocities perpetrated by the SS in the East. Yet, in spite of his central role in the crimes of the Nazi regime, until now Himmler has remained a colourless and elusive figure in the history of the period. In this, the first-ever comprehensive biography of the SS-Reichsführer, leading German historian Peter Longerich puts every aspect of Himmler's life under the microscope. Masterfully interweaving the story of Himmler's personal life and political career with the wider history of the Nazi dictatorship, Longerich shows how skilfully he exploited and manipulated his disparate roles in the pursuit of his far-reaching and grandiose objectives. In the process, he illuminates the extraordinary degree to which Himmler's own personal prejudices, idiosyncrasies, and predilections made their mark on the organizations for which he was responsible - especially the SS, which in so many ways bore the characteristic hallmarks of its leader, and whose history remains both incomplete and incomprehensible without a detailed and intimate knowledge of its deeply sinister commander-in-chief.
Author: Volker Langbehn, Mohammad Salama
Publisher: Columbia University Press
More than half a century before the mass executions of the Holocaust, Germany devastated the peoples of southwestern Africa. While colonialism might seem marginal to German history, new scholarship compares these acts to Nazi practices on the Eastern and Western fronts. With some of the most important essays from the past five years exploring the "continuity thesis," this anthology debates the links between German colonialist activities and the behavior of Germany during World War II. Some contributors argue the country's domination of southwestern Africa gave rise to perceptions of racial difference and superiority at home, building upon a nascent nationalism that blossomed into National Socialism and the Holocaust. Others remain skeptical and challenge the continuity thesis. The contributors also examine Germany's colonial past with debates over the country's identity and history and compare its colonial crimes with other European ventures. Other issues explored include the denial or marginalization of German genocide and the place of colonialism and the Holocaust within German and Israeli postwar relations.
Mut zu einem Neubeginn
Author: Eva Samuel, Ulrike Thomas
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Orientalistik / Sinologie - Islamwissenschaft, Note: 2,0, Universität zu Köln (Orientalisches Seminar ), Veranstaltung: Der Islam und der Westen im 19. bzw. 20 Jahrhundert, 0 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Hauptseminararbeit behandelt eine der wohl umstrittensten Persönlichkeiten arabischer Politiker. Eine eigentlich vergessene Person, deren Namen nur noch zu Propagandazwecken aufgegriffen wird. Für die einen ein Held und Symbol des Freiheitskampfes, für die Anderen ein Faschist und lebender Beweis für den „arabischen Antisemitismus“ und für wieder andere ein machtbesessener, korrupter Narzisst. In dieser Arbeit wird versucht, auf neutrale Weise, das politische Leben Amin al Husainis wiederzugeben.