The religious histories of Christian and Muslim countries in Europe and Western Asia are often treated in isolation from one another. This can lead to a limited and simplistic understanding of the international and interreligious interactions currently taking place. This edited collection brings these national and religious narratives into conversation with each other, helping readers to formulate a more sophisticated comprehension of the social and cultural factors involved in the tolerance and intolerance that has taken place in these areas, and continues today. Part One of this volume examines the history of relations between people of different Christian confessions in western and central Europe. Part Two then looks at the relations between Western and Eastern Orthodox Christianity, Islam and Judaism in the vast area that extends around the Mediterranean from the Iberian Peninsula to western Asia. Each Part ends with a Conclusion that considers the wider implications of the preceding essays and points the way toward future research. Bringing together scholars from Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and America this volume embodies an international collaboration of unusual range. Its comparative approach will be of interest to scholars of Religion and History, particularly those with an emphasis on interreligious relations and religious tolerance.
This book constitutes an up-to-date methodology reference work for International Relations (IR) scholars and students. The study of IR calls for the use of multiple and various tools to try and describe international phenomena, analyze and understand them, compare them, interpret them, and try to offer theoretical approaches. In a nutshell, doing research in IR requires both tools and methods—from the use of archives to the translation of results through mapping, from conducting interviews to analyzing quantitative data, from constituting a corpus to the always touchy interpretation of images and discourses. This volume assembles twenty young researchers and professors in the field of IR and political science to discuss numerous rich and thoroughly explained case studies. Merging traditional political science approaches with methods borrowed from sociology and history, it offers a clear and instructive synthesis of the main resources and applied methods to study International Relations.
Author: Christian Delacroix
Publisher: Gallimard Education
Les historiens de métier n'ont jamais eu le monopole de l'écriture de l'histoire. Le passé appartient à tous et les appropriations qui en sont faites ont chacune leur légitimité, qu'elle soit celle des essayistes, des romanciers voire des fêtes néo-celtes ou néo-médiévales. La présence du passé dans l'espace public, pour n'être pas une nouveauté, gagne, depuis une trentaine d'années, en force et en intensité. Aussi ce dictionnaire répond-il au double besoin de dresser l'état des lieux de l'histoire comme discipline productrice de connaissances et de mettre en perspective les usages contemporains du passé. Après plus de trente ans de débats, d'importantes remises en cause, de renouvellements, l'heure est, en effet, venue d'esquisser un nouveau panorama. Pour autant, cet ouvrage n'est pas celui d'une école, il admet le pluralisme interprétatif qui s'est imposé dans l'historiographie française au cours des décennies et le lecteur attentif pourra y voir en actes certains des clivages qui parcourent, parfois de façon discrète, parfois de façon affirmée et publique, la communauté des historiens.
Histoire de l’histoire, l’historiographie analyse la manière dont chaque époque écrit l’histoire, la comprend et l’utilise. Cet ouvrage permet de suivre l’évolution du rôle que l’histoire a joué au cours des siècles. Il montre l’importance de sa fonction politique dans l’exaltation de la grandeur des rois, de la nation, puis de la République. Il met en évidence les lignes de continuité – et les ruptures – dans la manière dont s’est inscrite l’histoire, ainsi que dans les progrès accomplis dans les méthodes critiques. Enfin, le rôle de l’historiographie dans la construction – parfois difficile – de l’image que la société a d’elle-même est mis en lumière. L’intérêt pour l’historiographie ne s’est jamais démenti, comme le montre le cinquième chapitre inédit, qui reprend vingt années d’écriture de l’histoire.
Author: Sue Donaldson, Will Kymlicka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
For many people "animal rights" suggests campaigns against factory farms, vivisection or other aspects of our woeful treatment of animals. Zoopolis moves beyond this familiar terrain, focusing not on what we must stop doing to animals, but on how we can establish positive and just relationships with different types of animals.
Threads and Traces
Author: Carlo Ginzburg
Publisher: Univ of California Press
"This book is a translation of historian Carlo Ginzburgʼs latest collection of essays. Through the detective work of uncovering a wide variety of stories or microhistories from fragments, Ginzburg takes on the bigger questions: How do we draw the line between truth and fiction? What is the relationship between history and memory? Stories range from medieval Europe, the inquisitional trial of a witch, seventeenth-century antiquarianism, and twentieth-century historians."--Provided by publisher.
Author: Michel Foucault
Study of the intersection of history and philosophy as it relates to recent French political change, evidenced in essays concerning popular justice, power struggles, and the history of sexuality
The Latest Catastrophe
Author: Henry Rousso
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The writing of recent history tends to be deeply marked by conflict, by personal and collective struggles rooted in horrific traumas and bitter controversies. Frequently, today’s historians can find themselves researching the same events that they themselves lived through. This book reflects on the concept and practices of what is called “contemporary history,” a history of the present time, and identifies special tensions in the field between knowledge and experience, distance and proximity, and objectivity and subjectivity. Henry Rousso addresses the rise of contemporary history and the relations of present-day societies to their past, especially their legacies of political violence. Focusing on France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States, he shows that for contemporary historians, the recent past has become a problem to be solved. No longer unfolding as a series of traditions to be respected or a set of knowledge to be transmitted and built upon, history today is treated as a constant act of mourning or memory, an attempt to atone. Historians must also negotiate with strife within this field, as older scholars who may have lived through events clash with younger historians who also claim to understand the experiences. Ultimately, The Latest Catastrophe shows how historians, at times against their will, have themselves become actors in a history still being made.
Jay Winter's powerful study of the 'collective remembrance' of the Great War offers a major reassessment of one of the critical episodes in the cultural history of the twentieth century. Dr Winter looks anew at the culture of commemoration and the ways in which communities endeavoured to find collective solace after 1918. Taking issue with the prevailing 'modernist' interpretation of the European reaction to the appalling events of 1914–18, Dr Winter instead argues that what characterised that reaction was, rather, the attempt to interpret the Great War within traditional frames of reference. Tensions arose inevitably. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning is a profound and moving book of seminal importance for the attempt to understand the course of European history during the first half of the twentieth century.
Author: Sebastian R. Prange
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, a distinct form of Islamic thought and practice developed among Muslim trading communities of the Indian Ocean. Sebastian R. Prange argues that this 'Monsoon Islam' was shaped by merchants not sultans, forged by commercial imperatives rather than in battle, and defined by the reality of Muslims living within non-Muslim societies. Focusing on India's Malabar Coast, the much-fabled 'land of pepper', Prange provides a case study of how Monsoon Islam developed in response to concrete economic, socio-religious, and political challenges. Because communities of Muslim merchants across the Indian Ocean were part of shared commercial, scholarly, and political networks, developments on the Malabar Coast illustrate a broader, trans-oceanic history of the evolution of Islam across monsoon Asia. This history is told through four spaces that are examined in their physical manifestations as well as symbolic meanings: the Port, the Mosque, the Palace, and the Sea.
The author compares slave societies with the ir relatively modern counterparts in the New World to show a new perspective on the history of slavery. He sheds light o n the complex ways in which ideological interests affect his torical interpretation. '"
Author: François Furet, Denis Richet
The King's Army
Author: James B. Wood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A study of warfare and society during the wars of religion in France.
The Idea of the West
Author: Alastair Bonnett
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
The West is on everyone's lips: it is defended, celebrated, hated. But how and why did it emerge? And whose idea is it? This book is about representations of the West. Drawing on sources from across the world - from Russia to Japan, Iran to Britain - it argues that the West is not merely a Western idea but something that many people around the world have long been creating and stereotyping. The Idea of the West looks at how the great political and ethnic forces of the last century defined themselves in relation to the West, addresses how Soviet communism, 'Asian spirituality', 'Asian values' and radical Islamism used and deployed images of the West. Both topical and wide-ranging, it offers an accessible but provocative portrait of a fascinating subject and it charts the complex relationship between whiteness and the West.