La lettera sovversiva
Author: Vanessa Roghi
Publisher: Gius.Laterza & Figli Spa
Cinquant'anni fa la pubblicazione di un piccolo libro fu la scintilla di una rivoluzione. Questa è la storia di Lettera a una professoressa e della battaglia per la trasformazione della cultura da strumento di oppressione a elemento indispensabile per l'evoluzione democratica e civile del nostro Paese. Una battaglia portata avanti con tenacia e caparbietà da don Lorenzo Milani e dai tanti che incontrò sulla sua strada, primi fra tutti Tullio De Mauro, Mario Lodi e Alex Langer. È il maggio 1967 quando esce, per una piccola casa editrice fiorentina, un libro dal titolo Lettera a una professoressa. L'hanno scritto don Lorenzo Milani e gli alunni della scuola di Barbiana, una canonica del Mugello a pochi chilometri da Firenze. Il libro viene subito accolto dai linguisti come un manuale di pedagogia democratica, dai professori come un prontuario per una scuola alternativa, dagli studenti come il libretto rosso per la rivoluzione. Lettera a una professoressa è stato un autentico livre de chevet di una generazione, vademecum di ogni insegnante democratico per lunghi, lunghissimi anni. Visto, ancora oggi, come anello centrale se non vero e proprio punto di partenza di ogni riflessione sulla necessità di riformare la scuola. Ma anche come inizio della crisi della scuola. Un libro-manifesto, suo malgrado. Ma com'è stato possibile che l'esperimento pedagogico di una scuoletta di montagna e la pubblicazione di poche pagine siano diventati la scintilla di una rivoluzione? Perché ancora oggi questa Lettera mobilita il ricordo, innesca passioni, divide e fa litigare? Perché si è fissato nella memoria collettiva come un punto di passaggio epocale non solo quando si parla di scuola ma anche di giovani, generazioni, movimenti?
Letter to a Teacher
Author: Schoolboys Of Barbiana
Cosa significa amare? Cosa resta nella società di oggi di questo sentimento, quando si confronta con i bisogni di libertà individuale e con le nuove dinamiche di coppia oppure quando si intreccia con i fenomeni migratori? A volte considerato come l’unica ragione dell’esistenza, altre sofferto come una mancanza, l’amore riempie comunque i sensi; lo fa anche quando si fa fatica a immaginarlo o a definirlo con le parole che si hanno a disposizione. Costretto a misurarsi con i mutamenti sociali e con i profondi sviluppi identitari e di genere, questo sentimento, antico come noi, sta cambiando per adattarsi alla forma che la vita, pubblica e privata, ha assunto ai giorni nostri. Attraversando le idee di sociologi come Simmel, Beck, Bauman e Boltanski, il volume indaga le diverse esperienze dell’amore e quei risvolti problematici che si generano sullo sfondo di relazioni più effimere e caratterizzate dalla possibilità di cambiare in ogni momento le proprie scelte.
This book provides an innovative cultural history of Italian colonialism and its impact on twentieth-century ideas of empire and anti-colonialism. In October 1935, Mussoliniʼs army attacked Ethiopia, defying the League of Nations and other European imperial powers. The book explores the widespread political and literary responses to the invasion, highlighting how Pan-Africanism drew its sustenance from opposition to Italy’s late empire-building, and reading the work of George Padmore, Claude McKay, and CLR James alongside the feminist and socialist anti-colonial campaigner Sylvia Pankhurst’s broadsheet, New Times and Ethiopia News. Extending into the postwar period, the book examines the fertile connections between anti-colonialism and anti-fascism in Italian literature and art, tracing the emergence of a “resistance aesthetics” in works such as The Battle of Algiers and Giovanni Pirelli’s harrowing books of testimony about Algeria’s war of independence, both inspired by Frantz Fanon. This book will interest readers passionate about postcolonial studies, the history of Italian imperialism, Pan-Africanism, print cultures, and Italian postwar culture.
The Politics of Opera
Author: Mitchell Cohen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
A wide-ranging look at the interplay of opera and political ideas through the centuries The Politics of Opera takes readers on a fascinating journey into the entwined development of opera and politics, from the Renaissance through the turn of the nineteenth century. What political backdrops have shaped opera? How has opera conveyed the political ideas of its times? Delving into European history and thought and an array of music by such greats as Lully, Rameau, and Mozart, Mitchell Cohen reveals how politics—through story lines, symbols, harmonies, and musical motifs—has played an operatic role both robust and sotto voce. Cohen begins with opera's emergence under Medici absolutism in Florence during the late Renaissance—where debates by humanists, including Galileo's father, led to the first operas in the late sixteenth century. Taking readers to Mantua and Venice, where composer Claudio Monteverdi flourished, Cohen examines how early operatic works like Orfeo used mythology to reflect on governance and policy issues of the day, such as state jurisdictions and immigration. Cohen explores France in the ages of Louis XIV and the Enlightenment and Vienna before and during the French Revolution, where the deceptive lightness of Mozart's masterpieces touched on the havoc of misrule and hidden abuses of power. Cohen also looks at smaller works, including a one-act opera written and composed by philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Essential characters, ancient and modern, make appearances throughout: Nero, Seneca, Machiavelli, Mazarin, Fenelon, Metastasio, Beaumarchais, Da Ponte, and many more. An engrossing book that will interest all who love opera and are intrigued by politics, The Politics of Opera offers a compelling investigation into the intersections of music and the state.
Author: Lucia Dacome
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Malleable Anatomies offers an account of the early stages of the practice of anatomical modelling in mid-eighteenth-century Italy. It investigates the 'mania' for anatomical displays that swept the Italian peninsula, and traces the fashioning of anatomical models as important social, cultural, and political as well as medical tools. Over the course of the eighteenth century, anatomical specimens offered particularly accurate insights into the inner body. Being coloured, soft, malleable, and often life-size, they promised to foster anatomical knowledge for different audiences in a delightful way. But how did anatomical models and preparations inscribe and mediate bodily knowledge? How did they change the way in which anatomical knowledge was created and communicated? And how did they affect the lives of those involved in their production, display, viewing, and handling? Examining the circumstances surrounding the creation and early viewing of anatomical displays in Bologna and Naples, Malleable Anatomies addresses these questions by reconstructing how anatomical modelling developed at the intersection of medical discourse, religious ritual, antiquarian and artistic cultures, and Grand Tour display. While doing so, it investigates the development of anatomical modelling in the context of the diverse worlds of visual and material practices that characterized the representation and display of the body in mid-eighteenth-century Italy. Drawing attention to the artisanal dimension of anatomical practice, and to the role of women as both makers and users of anatomical models, it considers how anatomical specimens lay at the centre of a composite world of social interactions, which led to the fashioning of modellers as anatomical celebrities. Moreover, it examines how anatomical displays transformed the proverbially gruesome practice of anatomy into an enthralling experience that engaged audiences' senses.
Author: Arielle Saiber
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Measured Words investigates the rich commerce between computation and writing that proliferated in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Italy. Arielle Saiber explores the relationship between number, shape, and the written word in the works of four exceptional thinkers: Leon Battista Alberti’s treatis on cryptography, Luca Pacioli’s ideal proportions for designing Roman capital letters, Niccolò Tartaglia’s poem embedding his solution to solving cubic equations, and Giambattista Della Porta’s curious study on the elements of geometric curves. Although they came from different social classes and practiced the mathematical and literary arts at differing levels of sophistication, they were all guided by a sense that there exist deep ontological and epistemological bonds between computational and verbal thinking and production. Their shared view that a network or continuity exists between the arts yielded extraordinary results. Through measuring their words, literally and figuratively, they are models of what the very best interdisciplinary work can offer us.
The Historian's Craft
Author: Marc Bloch
Publisher: Manchester University Press
This work, by the co-founder of the "Annales School" deals with the uses and methods of history. It is useful for students of history, teachers of historiography and all those interested in the writings of the Annales school.
Author: Giovanni Ruffini
Our Federal Government
Author: Patricia C. Acheson
Publisher: Putnam Publishing Group
Describes the complexities of the United States government, from the basic elements of the Constitution, the three branches, and the Federal Judiciary to the growth of the independent agencies.
This path-breaking study of stage works in Italian musical performances reconsiders a crucial period of music history. Through an interdisciplinary examination of the statue animated by music, Ellen Lockhart deftly shows how Enlightenment ideas influenced Italian theater and music, and vice versa. As Lockhart reveals, the animated statue became a fundamental figure within aesthetic theory and musical practice during the years spanning 1770–1830. Taking as its point of departure a repertoire of Italian ballets, melodramas, and operas from this period, Animation, Plasticity, and Music in Italy traces its core ideas between science, philosophy, theories of language, itinerant performance traditions, the epistemology of sensing, and music criticism.
Flavor and Soul
Author: John Gennari
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In the United States, African American and Italian cultures have been intertwined for more than a hundred years. From as early as nineteenth-century African American opera star Thomas Bowers—“The Colored Mario”—all the way to hip-hop entrepreneur Puff Daddy dubbing himself “the Black Sinatra,” the affinity between black and Italian cultures runs deep and wide. Once you start looking, you’ll find these connections everywhere. Sinatra croons bel canto over the limousine swing of the Count Basie band. Snoop Dogg deftly tosses off the line “I’m Lucky Luciano ’bout to sing soprano.” Like the Brooklyn pizzeria and candy store in Spike Lee’s Do the Right Thing and Jungle Fever, or the basketball sidelines where Italian American coaches Rick Pitino and John Calipari mix it up with their African American players, black/Italian connections are a thing to behold—and to investigate. In Flavor and Soul, John Gennari spotlights this affinity, calling it “the edge”—now smooth, sometimes serrated—between Italian American and African American culture. He argues that the edge is a space of mutual emulation and suspicion, a joyous cultural meeting sometimes darkened by violent collision. Through studies of music and sound, film and media, sports and foodways, Gennari shows how an Afro-Italian sensibility has nourished and vitalized American culture writ large, even as Italian Americans and African Americans have fought each other for urban space, recognition of overlapping histories of suffering and exclusion, and political and personal rispetto. Thus, Flavor and Soul is a cultural contact zone—a piazza where people express deep feelings of joy and pleasure, wariness and distrust, amity and enmity. And it is only at such cultural edges, Gennari argues, that America can come to truly understand its racial and ethnic dynamics.
Exclusive U.S. publisher of the 1998 Nobel Laureate
This book sheds light on the work of one of the 20<SUP>th century's foremost critical educators, the Italian Lorenzo Milani (1923-1967), on the 90<SUP>th anniversary of his birth. It provides an exposition and critical analysis of the ideas contained in his writings, ideas that emerged from his experiences in two Tuscan localities. The work of Milani and the School of Barbiana that he directed provide signposts for a critically and sociologically engaged pedagogy. Important themes include education and class politics; education and imperialism; education and the culture of militarization; the collective dimensions of learning and writing; peer tutoring; critical media literacy; and reading history against the grain. These ideas are analyzed with reference to similar and contrasting ideas by other international educators, scholars and thinkers. As the book argues, Milani's oeuvre contains important ingredients for a social justice-oriented critical pedagogy. The spirit for this pedagogical approach is captured in the School of Barbiana's motto 'I care.'