Ce livre stimulant et extrêmement bien documenté explore les aspects secrets de la politique étrangère américaine. Analyste politique de premier plan, Peter Dale Scott rassemble des preuves accablantes afin de lever le voile sur la violence autorisée par l'Etat, illégale bien que largement répandue, qui règne dans le monde de la politique et dans celui des affaires. L'auteur s'intéresse particulièrement à ce phénomène dans le cadre de l'implication à long terme des Etats-Unis dans le trafic de drogue mondial. Dès les années 1950 en Thaïlande, les Américains se sont habitués à voir la CIA nouer des alliances avec les trafiquants de drogues (et leurs banquiers) afin d'installer et de soutenir des gouvernements de droite. Le schéma s'est répété ensuite dans de nombreux pays (Laos, Vietnam, Italie, Mexique, Nigeria, Venezuela, Colombie, Pérou, Chili, Panama, Honduras, Turquie, Pakistan et à présent en Afghanistan, pour ne nommer que ceux évoqués dans le livre). Scott démontre que la relation des services de renseignements américains et de leurs agents avec le trafic de drogue mondial et d'autres réseaux de criminels internationaux, demande une étude approfondie au sein du débat sur la présence américaine en Afghanistan. A ce jour, le gouvernement américain et ses politiques ont plutôt contribué à renforcer le trafic de drogue qu'à le restreindre. La soi-disant "Guerre contre la terreur", et en particulier la guerre en Afghanistan, constituent seulement un nouveau chapitre de cette dérangeante histoire.
The Road to 9/11
Author: Peter Dale Scott
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This is an ambitious, meticulous examination of how U.S. foreign policy since the 1960s has led to partial or total cover-ups of past domestic criminal acts, including, perhaps, the catastrophe of 9/11. Peter Dale Scott, whose previous books have investigated CIA involvement in southeast Asia, the drug wars, and the Kennedy assassination, here probes how the policies of presidents since Nixon have augmented the tangled bases for the 2001 terrorist attack. Scott shows how America's expansion into the world since World War II has led to momentous secret decision making at high levels. He demonstrates how these decisions by small cliques are responsive to the agendas of private wealth at the expense of the public, of the democratic state, and of civil society. He shows how, in implementing these agendas, U.S. intelligence agencies have become involved with terrorist groups they once backed and helped create, including al Qaeda.
American War Machine
Author: Peter Dale Scott
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
This provocative, thoroughly researched book explores the covert aspects of U.S. foreign policy. Prominent political analyst Peter Dale Scott marshals compelling evidence to expose the extensive growth of sanctioned but illicit violence in politics and state affairs, especially when related to America's long-standing involvement with the global drug traffic. Beginning with Thailand in the 1950s, Americans have become inured to the CIA's alliances with drug traffickers (and their bankers) to install and sustain right-wing governments. The pattern has repeated itself in Laos, Vietnam, Italy, Mexico, Thailand, Nigeria, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Panama, Honduras, Turkey, Pakistan, and now Afghanistan—to name only those countries dealt with in this book. Scott shows that the relationship of U.S. intelligence operators and agencies to the global drug traffic, and to other international criminal networks, deserves greater attention in the debate over the U.S. presence in Afghanistan. To date, America's government and policies have done more to foster than to curtail the drug trade. The so-called war on terror, and in particular the war in Afghanistan, constitutes only the latest chapter in this disturbing story.
Demain, après Kabila
Author: Jean-Pierre Mbelu
Publisher: BoD - Books on Demand
Kabila part, et après? Kabila n'est pas le système qui est en train de semer la mort au Congo aujourd'hui. Est-ce qu'il y a de sérieuses pensées élaborées sur l'après Kabila? Pourquoi devons-nous nous extasier en évitant de poser les bases d'une pensée refondatrice du pays après Kabila? Les Congolais sont-ils condamnés à être des spectateurs de la guerre par morceaux, de la crise de sens et de la crise anthropologique que connait le Congo-Kinshasa depuis plus de deux décennies? Comment rompre avec cette pensée unique qui nous confine à croire que ce sont les mêmes qui doivent à tout moment faire et défaire "les rois du Congo" ? A travers une série d'essais, Jean-Pierre Mbelu, propose une démarche pour opérer une rupture avec le processus politique vicieux et vicié en cours, d'une part, et, d'autre part, briser, individuellement et collectivement, les chaînes d'un néocolonialisme qui n'a fait que trop durer au pays de Patrice Lumumba.
Drugs, Oil, and War
Author: Peter Dale Scott
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Peter Dale Scott's brilliantly researched tour de force illuminates the underlying forces that drive U.S. global policy from Vietnam to Colombia and now to Afghanistan and Iraq. He brings to light the intertwined patterns of drugs, oil politics, and intelligence networks that have been so central to the larger workings of U.S. intervention and escalation in Third World countries through alliances with drug-trafficking proxies. This strategy was originally developed in the late 1940s to contain communist China; it has since been used to secure control over foreign petroleum resources. The result has been a staggering increase in the global drug traffic and the mafias associated with it_a problem that will worsen until there is a change in policy. Scott argues that covert operations almost always outlast the specific purpose for which they were designed. Instead, they grow and become part of a hostile constellation of forces. The author terms this phenomenon parapolitics_the exercise of power by covert means_which tends to metastasize into deep politics_the interplay of unacknowledged forces that spin out of the control of the original policy initiators. We must recognize that U.S. influence is grounded not just in military and economic superiority, Scott contends, but also in so-called soft power. We need a 'soft politics' of persuasion and nonviolence, especially as America is embroiled in yet another disastrous intervention, this time in Iraq.
Author: Mark Curtis
Publisher: Serpent's Tail
This updated edition of Secret Affairs covers the momentous events of the past year in the Middle East and at home in the UK. It reveals the unreported attempts by Britain to cultivate relations with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt after the fall of Mubarak, the military intervention on the side of Libyan rebel forces which include pro-al-Qaeda elements, and the ongoing reliance on the region's ultimate fundamentalist state, Saudi Arabia, to safeguard its interest in the Middle East. It illuminates path of Salman Abedi, the bomber who attacked Manchester in May 2017, and his terror network: how he fought in Libya in 2011 as part of a group of fighters which the UK allowed to leave the country to go and battle against Gadafi to topple him. In this ground-breaking book, Mark Curtis reveals the covert history of British collusion with radical Islamic and terrorist groups. Secret Affairs shows how governments since the 1940s have connived with militant forces to control oil resources and overthrow governments. The story of how Britain has helped nurture the rise of global terrorism has never been told.
Author: Thierry Meyssan
Publisher: Carnot USA Books
Exactly what hit the Pentagon on September 11th 2001? A Boeing 757-200 - or a cruise missile? Meyssan investigates and, with the aid of official colour photographs, suggests it was not American Airlines flight 77. explosives create a shockwave whose speed of propagation is greater than 6000 feet per second - they detonate. Explosive materials, whose shockwave speed is lower, do not detonate, they deflagrate. instructive in regard to the nature of the explosion. The speed of propagation on the shockwave is very high. The colour of the flame is consistent with an explosive of high energetic power. The explosion does not correspond to a deflagration of kerosene (airline fuel). Nor does the exit hot of the alleged plane - which pierced three separate buildings - add up.
Finance and trading, history.
'Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution' traces the foundations of Western funding of the Soviet Union. Dispassionately, and with overwhelming documentation, the author details a crucial phase in the establishment of communist Russia.
Author: Christopher Davidson
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
For more than a century successive US and UK governments have sought to thwart nationalist, socialist and pro-democracy movements in the Middle East. Through the Cold War, the ‘War on Terror’ and the present era defined by the Islamic State, the Western powers have repeatedly manipulated the region’s most powerful actors to ensure the security of their own interests and, in doing so, have given rise to religious politics, sectarian war, bloody counter-revolutions and now one of the most brutal incarnations of Islamic extremism ever seen. This is the utterly compelling, systematic dissection of Western interference in the Middle East. Christopher Davidson exposes the dark side of our foreign policy – dragging many disturbing facts out into the light for the first time. Most shocking for us today is his assertion that US intelligence agencies continue to regard the Islamic State, like al-Qaeda before it, as a strategic but volatile asset to be wielded against their enemies. Provocative, alarming and unrelenting, Shadow Wars demands to be read – now.
Author: Janine R. Wedel
It can feel like we're swimming in a sea of corruption. It's unclear who exactly is in charge and what role they play. The same influential people seem to reappear time after time in different professional guises, pressing their own agendas in one venue after another. According to award-winning public policy scholar and anthropologist Janine Wedel, these are the powerful ''shadow elite,'' the main players in a vexing new system of power and influence. In this groundbreaking book, Wedel charts how this shadow elite, loyal only to their own, challenge both governments' rules of accountability and business codes of competition to accomplish their own goals. From the Harvard economists who helped privatize post-Soviet Russia and the neoconservatives who have helped privatize American foreign policy (culminating with the debacle that is Iraq) to the many private players who daily make public decisions without public input, these manipulators both grace the front pages and operate behind the scenes. Wherever they maneuver, they flout once-sacrosanct boundaries between state and private. Profoundly original, Shadow Elite gives us the tools we need to recognize these powerful yet elusive players and comprehend the new system. Nothing less than our ability for self-government and our freedom are at stake.
View "Public Restrooms": A Photo Gallery in The Atlantic Monthly. So much happens in the public toilet that we never talk about. Finding the right door, waiting in line, and using the facilities are often undertaken with trepidation. Don’t touch anything. Try not to smell. Avoid eye contact. And for men, don’t look down or let your eyes stray. Even washing one’s hands are tied to anxieties of disgust and humiliation. And yet other things also happen in these spaces: babies are changed, conversations are had, make-up is applied, and notes are scrawled for posterity. Beyond these private issues, there are also real public concerns: problems of public access, ecological waste, and—in many parts of the world—sanitation crises. At public events, why are women constantly waiting in long lines but not men? Where do the homeless go when cities decide to close public sites? Should bathrooms become standardized to accommodate the disabled? Is it possible to create a unisex bathroom for transgendered people? In Toilet, noted sociologist Harvey Molotch and Laura Norén bring together twelve essays by urbanists, historians and cultural analysts (among others) to shed light on the public restroom. These noted scholars offer an assessment of our historical and contemporary practices, showing us the intricate mechanisms through which even the physical design of restrooms—the configurations of stalls, the number of urinals, the placement of sinks, and the continuing segregation of women’s and men’s bathrooms—reflect and sustain our cultural attitudes towards gender, class, and disability. Based on a broad range of conceptual, political, and down-to-earth viewpoints, the original essays in this volume show how the bathroom—as a practical matter—reveals competing visions of pollution, danger and distinction. Although what happens in the toilet usually stays in the toilet, this brilliant, revelatory, and often funny book aims to bring it all out into the open, proving that profound and meaningful history can be made even in the can. Contributors: Ruth Barcan, Irus Braverman, Mary Ann Case, Olga Gershenson, Clara Greed, Zena Kamash,Terry Kogan, Harvey Molotch, Laura Norén, Barbara Penner, Brian Reynolds, and David Serlin.