L'être et l'écran
Author: Stéphane Vial
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de France
De quoi la révolution numérique est-elle la révolution ? Sur le plan de l’histoire, elle est une nouvelle révolution technique qui consiste en l’avènement du « système technique numérique ». Mais, sur le plan humain, elle est surtout une révolution philosophique qui modifie en profondeur nos structures perceptives. La révolution numérique est une nouvelle révolution « ontophanique », c’est-à-dire un ébranlement du processus par lequel l’être (ontos) nous apparaît (phaïnô) et, par suite, un remaniement de l’idée même que nous nous faisons de la réalité. Les appareils numériques modifient la qualité phénoménologique de notre être-au-monde et nous réapprennent à percevoir. C’est pourquoi la prétendue différence entre le réel et le virtuel n’existe pas et n’a jamais existé. Nous vivons dans « l’ontophanie numérique », c’est-à-dire un environnement à phénoménalité numériquement centrée mais foncièrement hybride, à la fois numérique et non numérique, en ligne et hors ligne, qui forme une seule et même substance continue. Aussi le design numérique joue-t-il un rôle essentiel dans notre capacité à rendre le monde habitable, c’est-à-dire à créer de l’être.
Vous êtes en terminale et vous souhaitez vous préparer efficacement à l’épreuve de philosophie du bac : cet ouvrage est pour vous. • Véritable « kit de révision », il vous propose, sur chaque notion du programme : – des fiches de cours synthétiques, pour mémoriser l’essentiel, – un quiz, pour faire un bilan rapide de vos connaissances, – des sujets de type bac (dissertations et commentaires de textes) corrigés pas à pas, pour vous entraîner dans les conditions de l’examen. • En plus, le « mémo du bac » : un dépliant détachable, qui récapitule – de manière visuelle – tout ce qu’il faut savoir en philosophie à quelques jours de l’épreuve. • Avec ce Prépabac, vous pouvez également bénéficier d’un accès gratuit à toutes les ressources du site http://www.annabac.com : fiches de synthèse, podcasts, cours vidéo, quiz interactifs, sujets d’annales corrigés...
First published in 1945, Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s monumental Phénoménologie de la perception signalled the arrival of a major new philosophical and intellectual voice in post-war Europe. Breaking with the prevailing picture of existentialism and phenomenology at the time, it has become one of the landmark works of twentieth-century thought. This new translation, the first for over fifty years, makes this classic work of philosophy available to a new generation of readers. Phenomenology of Perception stands in the great phenomenological tradition of Husserl, Heidegger, and Sartre. Yet Merleau-Ponty’s contribution is decisive, as he brings this tradition and other philosophical predecessors, particularly Descartes and Kant, to confront a neglected dimension of our experience: the lived body and the phenomenal world. Charting a bold course between the reductionism of science on the one hand and "intellectualism" on the other, Merleau-Ponty argues that we should regard the body not as a mere biological or physical unit, but as the body which structures one’s situation and experience within the world. Merleau-Ponty enriches his classic work with engaging studies of famous cases in the history of psychology and neurology as well as phenomena that continue to draw our attention, such as phantom limb syndrome, synaesthesia, and hallucination. This new translation includes many helpful features such as the reintroduction of Merleau-Ponty’s discursive Table of Contents as subtitles into the body of the text, a comprehensive Translator’s Introduction to its main themes, essential notes explaining key terms of translation, an extensive Index, and an important updating of Merleau-Ponty’s references to now available English translations. Also included is a new foreword by Taylor Carman and an introduction to Merleau-Ponty by Claude Lefort. Translated by Donald A. Landes.
This is a very different book. It is written for the dreamers of this world-the people who know that something different is possible-but who have never had the tools before., What if I told you that the tools exist? The possibilities you've always dreamed of are possible! This book will provide you with a set of practical and dynamic tools and processes that empowers you to know what is true for you and who you truly BE. What if you, being you, can change everything-your life, relationships, body, money situation. . .and the world?
The Semantic Turn
Author: Klaus Krippendorff
Publisher: CRC Press
Responding to cultural demands for meaning, user-friendliness, and fun as well as the opportunities of the emerging information society, The Semantic Turn boldly outlines a new science for design that gives designers previously unavailable grounds on which to state their claims and validate their designs. It sets the stage by reviewing the history of semantic concerns in design, presenting their philosophical roots, examining the new social and technological challenges that professional designers are facing, and offering distinctions among contemporary artifacts that challenge designers. Written by Klaus Krippendorff, recognized designer and distinguished scholar of communication and language use, the book builds an epistemological bridge between language/communication theory and human-centered conceptions of contemporary artifacts. Clarifying how the semantic turn goes beyond product semantics and differs from other approaches to meaning, Krippendorff develops four new theories of how artifacts make sense and presents a series of meaning-sensitive design methods, illustrated by examples, and evaluative techniques that radically depart from the functionalist and technology-centered tradition in design. An indispensable guide for the future of the design profession, this book outlines not only a science for design that encourages asking and answering new kinds of questions, it also provides concepts and a vocabulary that enables designers to better partner with the more traditional disciplines of engineering, ergonomics, ecology, cognitive science, information technology, management, and marketing.
We Have Never Been Modern
Author: Bruno Latour
Publisher: Harvard University Press
With the rise of science, we moderns believe, the world changed irrevocably, separating us forever from our primitive, premodern ancestors. But if we were to let go of this fond conviction, Bruno Latour asks, what would the world look like? His book, an anthropology of science, shows us how much of modernity is actually a matter of faith. What does it mean to be modern? What difference does the scientific method make? The difference, Latour explains, is in our careful distinctions between nature and society, between human and thing, distinctions that our benighted ancestors, in their world of alchemy, astrology, and phrenology, never made. But alongside this purifying practice that defines modernity, there exists another seemingly contrary one: the construction of systems that mix politics, science, technology, and nature. The ozone debate is such a hybrid, in Latour’s analysis, as are global warming, deforestation, even the idea of black holes. As these hybrids proliferate, the prospect of keeping nature and culture in their separate mental chambers becomes overwhelming—and rather than try, Latour suggests, we should rethink our distinctions, rethink the definition and constitution of modernity itself. His book offers a new explanation of science that finally recognizes the connections between nature and culture—and so, between our culture and others, past and present. Nothing short of a reworking of our mental landscape. We Have Never Been Modern blurs the boundaries among science, the humanities, and the social sciences to enhance understanding on all sides. A summation of the work of one of the most influential and provocative interpreters of science, it aims at saving what is good and valuable in modernity and replacing the rest with a broader, fairer, and finer sense of possibility.
Bruno Latour has written a unique and wonderful tale of a technological dream gone wrong. As the young engineer and professor follow Aramis' trail--conducting interviews, analyzing documents, assessing the evidence--perspectives keep shifting: the truth is revealed as multilayered, unascertainable, comprising an array of possibilities worthy of Rashomon. The reader is eventually led to see the project from the point of view of Aramis, and along the way gains insight into the relationship between human beings and their technological creations. This charming and profound book, part novel and part sociological study, is Latour at his thought-provoking best.
The International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science was published to widespread acclaim in 1996, and has become the major reference work in the field. This eagerly awaited new edition has been fully revised and updated to take full account of the many and radical changes which have taken place since the Encyclopedia was originally conceived. With nearly 600 entries, written by a global team of over 150 contributors, the subject matter ranges from mobile library services provided by camel and donkey transport to search engines, portals and the World Wide Web. The new edition retains the successful structure of the first with an alphabetical organization providing the basic framework of a coherent collection of connected entries. Conceptual entries explore and explicate all the major issues, theories and activities in information and library science, such as the economics of information and information management. A wholly new entry on information systems, and enhanced entries on the information professions and the information society, are key features of this new edition. Topical entries deal with more specific subjects, such as collections management and information services for ethnic minorities. New or completely revised entries include a group of entries on information law, and a collection of entries on the Internet and the World Wide Web.
From Papyrus to Hypertext
Author: Christian Vandendorpe
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Reflections and predictions of technology's effect on reading and writing
Author: Michel Serres
Publisher: Editorial GEDISA
El mundo ha cambiado tanto que los jóvenes tienen que reinventar la rueda. Para Michel Serres, nace un nuevo ser humano, él lo bautiza como Pulgarcita, sobre todo por su capacidad para enviar mensajes con el pulgar. Las sociedades occidentales han experimentado dos revoluciones: la transición de lo oral a lo escrito, y el paso de escribir en una pizarra a escribir en libros. Ahora vivimos la tercera revolución: la transición a las nuevas tecnologías. No hay progreso o desastre, ya sea bueno o malo, ésta es la realidad y tenemos que lidiar con eso. La generación Pulgarcita tendrá que reinventar una forma de vivir juntos, instituciones y formas de ser y conocer. - "Michel Serres es el abuelo con el que todos soñamos. En él se unen tan bien la sabiduría y la juventud, que a su lado se tiene la impresión de que tiene toda la vida por delante" - Sophie Bancquart, directora de la Editorial Pommier. - "A este formidable ensayo se puede aplicar igualmente la frase de Michel de Montaigne: "vale más una cabeza bien hecha que una cabeza bien llena" - Lire, Francia. - "Michel Serres analiza meticulosamente y con ternura los cambios que entrañan las nuevas tecnologías sobre (o en) las generaciones actuales. Lejos de estigmatizar a los nativos digitales, describe una generación mutante y apasionada" - Dirigeants Chrétiens.
Forty designers who have helped shaped human interaction with technology are introduced in a collection of stories that charts the history of entrepreneurial design development for technology.
Space Between Words
Author: Paul Saenger
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Silent reading is now universally accepted as normal; indeed reading aloud to oneself may be interpreted as showing a lack of ability or understanding. Yet reading aloud was usual, indeed unavoidable, throughout antiquity and most of the middle ages. Saenger investigates the origins of the gradual separation of words within a continuous written text and the consequent development of silent reading. He then explores the spread of these practices throughout western Europe, and the eventual domination of silent reading in the late medieval period. A detailed work with substantial notes and appendices for reference.
The Familiar, Volume 1
Author: Mark Z. Danielewski
From the author of the international best seller House of Leaves and National Book Award–nominated Only Revolutions comes a monumental new novel as dazzling as it is riveting. The Familiar (Volume 1) ranges from Mexico to Southeast Asia, from Venice, Italy, to Venice, California, with nine lives hanging in the balance, each called upon to make a terrifying choice. They include a therapist-in-training grappling with daughters as demanding as her patients; an ambitious East L.A. gang member contracted for violence; two scientists in Marfa, Texas, on the run from an organization powerful beyond imagining; plus a recovering addict in Singapore summoned at midnight by a desperate billionaire; and a programmer near Silicon Beach whose game engine might unleash consequences far exceeding the entertainment he intends. At the very heart, though, is a twelve-year-old girl named Xanther who one rainy day in May sets out with her father to get a dog, only to end up trying to save a creature as fragile as it is dangerous . . . which will change not only her life and the lives of those she has yet to encounter, but this world, too—or at least the world we think we know and the future we take for granted. (With full-color illustrations throughout.) Like the print edition, this eBook contains a complex image-based layout. It is most readable on e-reading devices with larger screen sizes.
Turning the Page
Author: Angus Phillips
This is an exciting period for the book, a time of innovation, experimentation, and change. It is also a time of considerable fear within the book industry as it adjusts to changes in how books are created and consumed. The movement to digital has been taking place for some time, but with consumer books experiencing the transition, the effects of digitization can be clearly seen to everybody. In Turning the Page Angus Phillips analyses the fundamental drivers of the book publishing industry - authorship, readership, and copyright - and examines the effects of digital and other developments on the book itself. Drawing on theory and research across a range of subjects, from business and sociology to neuroscience and psychology, and from interviews with industry professionals, Phillips investigates how the fundamentals of the book industry are changing in a world of ebooks, self-publishing, and emerging business models. Useful comparisons are also made with other media industries which have undergone rapid change, such as music and newspapers. This book is an ideal companion for anyone wishing to understand the transition of the book, writing and publishing in recent years and will be particularly relevant to students studying publishing, media and communications.
Proust and the Squid
Author: Maryanne Wolf
"Human beings were never born to read," writes Tufts University cognitive neuroscientist and child development expert Maryanne Wolf. Reading is a human invention that reflects how the brain rearranges itself to learn something new. In this ambitious, provocative book, Wolf chronicles the remarkable journey of the reading brain not only over the past five thousand years, since writing began, but also over the course of a single child's life, showing in the process why children with dyslexia have reading difficulties and singular gifts. Lively, erudite, and rich with examples, Proust and the Squid asserts that the brain that examined the tiny clay tablets of the Sumerians was a very different brain from the one that is immersed in today's technology-driven literacy. The potential transformations in this changed reading brain, Wolf argues, have profound implications for every child and for the intellectual development of our species.