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Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

Author: Bhaskar Dasgupta, Christian Dejaco
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198729200
Pages: 192
Year: 2016-03-10
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are related conditions occurring almost exclusively in older people. Polymyalgia rheumatica is considered to be the rheumatic disease that is subject to the widest variations of clinical practice, partially due to the considerable uncertainty related to diagnosis and outcomes. Giant cell arteritis, an inflammatory form of vasculitis, may present with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and can be complicated by acute ischemic events, the most serious of which is permanent blindness. Early recognition and adequate treatment of the condition is thus necessary to prevent patients' loss of independence and to maintain their quality of life. Part of the Oxford Rheumatology Library series, Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis provides quick and practically relevant information on several aspects of the diseases, particularly on diagnosis and management, with the ultimate aim of improving the patient's care. Chapters highlight current concepts of pathogenesis, recent advances of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and the ongoing research into the identification of new biomarkers and corticosteroid-sparing medications. Each chapter is complemented with key message boxes highlighting the most relevant information for clinical practice. This concise but comprehensive reference is particularly suited for rheumatologists, general practitioners, and other professionals caring for patients with PMR and GCA.
Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Author: Ernest Choy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198723237
Pages: 80
Year: 2015-09-24
Part of the Oxford Rheumatology Library, the second edition of Fibromyalgia Syndrome provides a succinct and practical guide to help rheumatologists and general practitioners diagnose and manage patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. The emphasis throughout is on tailoring treatment to the individual patient, and considering a combination of education, non-pharmacological, and pharmacological treatments. This comprehensive approach improves symptoms and quality of life in all those treated for FMS, benefitting not only patients but also healthcare providers and society. Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) afflicts 2-5% of the population, more commonly females than males. It is characterised by chronic widespread pain, although fatigue, sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, stiffness, and cognitive dysfunction are also common. National and international societies recognise the healthcare burden of FMS, and published recommendations and guidelines emphasise the importance of a positive diagnosis and management strategy to empower patients to cope with FMS. Now updated with new ACR criteria and additional international guidelines on the management of the syndrome, this pocketbook provides the reader with an essential understanding of the pathophysiology of pain in fibromyalgia, the different subtypes of fibromyalgia, and the pitfalls in diagnosis and management of this chronic condition.
Gout

Gout

Author: Nicola Dalbeth, Lisa Stamp, Tony Merriman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198748310
Pages: 128
Year: 2016-01-07
Gout has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, and is now the most common form of inflammatory arthritis. There have been significant developments in our understanding of the basic biology of gout over the last decade, and major advances in therapeutics have provided successful treatments for acute attacks and long-term prevention, offering clinicians effective treatment options for their patients. Part of the Oxford Rheumatology Library series, Gout provides an up-to-date summary of the pathogenesis, clinical features, and treatment approaches to this condition. The main focus is on key aspects of the biology of the disease, relevant diagnostic tools, and principles of gout management. Practical information is included to guide safe and effective prescribing of gout medications. Chapters on imaging and the future of gout management are also included. The three authors are experts in the basic biology and therapeutics of gout, and have summarized key practice points in a concise and readable manner, making this comprehensive yet practical volume an essential resource for all rheumatologists and general practitioners.
Oxford Textbook of Vasculitis

Oxford Textbook of Vasculitis

Author: Gene V. Ball, Barri J. Fessler, S. Louis Bridges
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199659869
Pages: 672
Year: 2014-02-20
This new, third edition of the definitive and highly-regarded textbook provides a comprehensive review of vasculitis, a fascinating array of life-threatening and minor conditions caused by inflammatory syndromes and diseases that affect the blood vessels. The text uniquely brings together concepts from both the biological and clinical aspects of vasculitis. Research in clinical immunology now invigorates the entire area of vasculitis, and shapes a rationalapproach to pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment, which is the substance of this text. Over 40 chapters cover known vasculitis conditions, and are illustrated with over 200 full-colour photographs of clinical and pathologic findings, diagrams, and tables. Separate sections are devoted to basic science,clinical manifestations commonly seen in vasculitis, imaging and percutaneous interventions, individual diseases and syndromes, as well as conditions which can mimic vasculitis. The authors bring their unique experiences with vasculitic conditions. Many of the conditions are rare, and it is the exceptional clinician who has much experience with more than a few of these; thus, drawing upon authors from all over the world has enabled the editors to provide informed discussions of all of them. Now in the Oxford Textbooks in Rheumatology series, this new edition of Vasculitis is published with a concurrent online version, which features access to the full content of the textbook, contains links from the references to primary research journal articles, allows full text searches,and provides access to figures and tables that can be downloaded to PowerPoint. This volume is the definitive reference for rheumatologists, clinical immunologists, and general internists, and will also be of interest to dermatologists, gastroenterologists, cardiologists, pulmonologists, nephrologists, neurologists, pathologists, vascular surgeons, and pediatricians.
Axial Spondyloarthritis

Axial Spondyloarthritis

Author: Stefan Siebert, Raj Sengupta, Alexander Tsoukas
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198755295
Pages: 180
Year: 2016-09-22
Axial spondyloarthritis is the commonest inflammatory arthritis affecting the spine. Typically first presenting to a variety of primary and secondary care professionals, the high global disease burden of this condition has created a need for increased awareness of this condition across a rangeof rheumatology specialties.A pocketbook aimed at the non-specialist reader Axial Spondyloarthritis is the essential guide to this common condition. Focusing on the practical implications of developments in classification, diagnosis and treatment, this easily accessible text fully covers the broader spectrum of the disease.Concise and fully illustrated, this addition to the Oxford Rheumatology Library covers the history and pathophysiology of axial spondylitis, alongside detailed sections on treatments, complications and manifestations of the condition. With each section supported by a handy key points section, AxialSpondyloarthritis is a useful and constructive resource for any practitioner or trainee encountering this condition.
Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

Author: Jozef Rovenský, Burkhard F. Leeb, Howard A. Bird, Viera #tvrtinová, Richard Imrich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211993592
Pages: 91
Year: 2010-05-06
In the present monograph, we offer current insights into polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arthritis. Both diseases are typical for advanced age, and their incidences increase with aging. Both diseases are a center point of interest not only for rheu- tologists, gerontologists, ophthalmologists or neurologists, but also for general prac- tioners. Early diagnosis and rapid treatment, mainly with glucocorticoids can save one of the most precious senses-vision. Damage to other organs (heart, aorta, co- nary arteries, liver, lungs, kidneys), which are supplied by the arteries affected by ischemic syndrome in the setting of giant cell arthritis, has serious consequences as well. Late diagnosis of giant cell arthritis can have fatal consequences for affected patients. It is a matter of fact that the human population is aging. Therefore, more attention has to be paid not only to diagnosis, clinical course and treatment of rheumatic d- eases in elderly, but also to their genetic, immunologic, endocrinologic, chronobiologic mechanisms, and state-of-the-art diagnostic modalities. I am convinced that the int- disciplinary research of the diseases will allow us to diagnose and treat the rheumatic diseases even faster and more effectively in the future.
Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Author: Gavin Clunie, Richard Keen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198713347
Pages: 176
Year: 2014-07-24
Despite advances in the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in the last ten years, the condition still poses major clinical challenges. Non-adherence to drug therapy is a widespread problem in patients with rheumatic diseases and osteoporosis in particular. Part of the Oxford Rheumatology Library, this second edition summarizes the latest developments in the management of osteoporosis and includes new chapters covering the clinical role of denosumab and orthopaedic issues in the management of fractures in patients with osteoporosis. This practical pocketbook is an essential resource for trainees and clinicians in rheumatology, endocrinology, and geriatric medicine, as well as general practitioners and paramedical staff involved in osteoporosis care.
Sjogren's Syndrome

Sjogren's Syndrome

Author: Wan-Fai Ng
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198736959
Pages: 160
Year: 2016-06-09
Primary Sjogren's syndrome is a rheumatic disease affecting around 0.1-0.2% of the adult female population and resulting in significant disability without adequate therapy. Diagnosis is often delayed and suggested therapies may not be optimal, and a multidisciplinary approach including rheumatologists, ophthalmologists, oral medicine physicians, and others is important to patient management. This volume summarises current understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease, including advances in the genetics of Sjogren's syndrome. Chapters cover disease mechanisms, clinical diagnosis and assessment, secondary Sjogren's syndrome, the role of laboratory investigations, and imaging. A therapy-based section covers topical oral and ocular therapies, and the role of steroids and biologics are also addressed. Sjogren's Syndrome is a practical, concise pocketbook featuring summary tables, key points, and illustrations showing important mechanisms of disease and pathways of care. The book will be of interest to trainees in rheumatology, ophthalmology and oral medicine/surgery, specialist practitioners and therapists involved in the care of patients with Sjogren's syndrome, and primary care physicians, dentists, and other specialists such as ENT physicians.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Author: Caroline Gordon, David Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198739184
Pages: 160
Year: 2016-03-10
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (often abbreviated to SLE or lupus) is a systemic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the body, causing the immune system to attack the body's cells and tissue, and resulting in inflammation and tissue damage. This new addition to the Oxford Rheumatology Library series provides a practical approach to the assessment and management of patients with this complex, multisystem autoimmune disease to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the disease and its complications. It provides comprehensive but easy to assimilate reading for consultant rheumatologists, dermatologists, nephrologists, obstetricians and other specialists and their trainees, interested GPs, specialist nurses, and clinical trial teams both in hospitals and contract research organizations.
Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

Author: Kate. Ph.d. Gilbert
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1533523541
Pages: 230
Year: 2016-05-29
Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) and Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) are linked rheumatic inflammatory illnesses that affect older people - generally, people over 50. They are chronic autoimmune conditions that cause untold misery, pain and debilitation. More acutely, undiagnosed GCA can lead to blindness, which is irreversible. In the United Kingdom each year, there are an estimated 40,000 new cases of PMR and 10,000 new cases of GCA, with a significant degree of overlap, many people having both conditions together. Many people, when they first get their diagnosis, have never heard of PMR or GCA before, and have to get used to the idea of having a chronic inflammatory illness, together with the steroid therapy that is the only standard effective treatment widely available. Several months into their diagnosis they often have many questions about why their journey through PMR and GCA isn't as smooth as they were led to expect. This book is written to give people who have Polymyalgia Rheumatica, or Giant Cell Arteritis (sometimes known as temporal arteritis), and their friends and carers, information about these illnesses, drawing on recent research. It also aims to give insights into what it is like to have these conditions, and how sufferers and those close to them can help themselves in the self-management of their condition towards recovery. It is not intended to replace information provided by your doctor or clinician. This second edition incorporates recommendations by international working groups on the diagnosis and management of PMR and GCA, and findings from research published since 2014. A full references list and index have been added. The author, Dr Kate Gilbert, PhD, is a semi-retired lecturer in management development, now concentrating on writing and voluntary work. She has spent several years, as a PMR survivor, studying these conditions and working as a volunteer with the PMR and GCA charity, PMRGCAuk. A former Chair of Trustees, she helps to edit the charity's website www.pmrgcauk.com and its regular newsletter. She has also served as a patient representative on a number of working groups, including the ACR/EULAR group to develop international recommendations for PMR, and has recently contributed a chapter on patient education to a medical textbook on PMR and GCA published by Oxford University Press.
Rheumatology Secrets

Rheumatology Secrets

Author: Sterling G. West
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323037003
Pages: 727
Year: 2014-11-05
Stay up to date on the latest common and uncommon rheumatic disorders with Rheumatology Secrets Plus. This enhanced medical reference book addresses thetreatment of common and uncommon rheumatic disorders, with each chapter reviewing basic immunology and pathophysiology, important disease manifestations, and practical management issues. The user-friendly style of the popularSecrets Series® makes this updated volume a valuable addition to your library! Review basic immunology and pathophysiology, important disease manifestations, and practical management issues related to rheumatic disorders. Apply the latest knowledge and techniques with content thoroughly updated by leaders in the field.Quickly review key concepts with improved "Plus" formatting, such as larger figures and easier-to-read text.Enhance your reference power through a question-and-answer format, bulleted lists, mnemonics, "Key Points" summaries, lists of useful web sites, and practical tips from the authors.Improve content knowledge with a special chapter containing "Top 100 Secrets," providing an overview of essential material for last-minute study or self-assessment.Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experienceallows you to search all of the text, figures, references, and videos from the book on a variety of devices.
Diagnostic Criteria in Autoimmune Diseases

Diagnostic Criteria in Autoimmune Diseases

Author: Yehuda Shoenfeld, Ricard Cervera, M. Eric Gershwin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1603272852
Pages: 593
Year: 2010-06-08
According to the Autoimmune Diseases Coordinating Committee (ADCC), between 14.7 and 23.5 million people in the USA – up to eight percent of the population are affected by autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are a family of more than 100 chronic, and often disabling, illnesses that develop when underlying defects in the immune system lead the body to attack its own organs, tissues, and cells. In Handbook of Autoimmune Disease, the editors have gathered in a comprehensive handbook a critical review, by renowned experts, of more than 100 autoimmune diseases, divided into two main groups, namely systemic and organ-specific autoimmune diseases. A contemporary overview of these conditions with special emphasis on diagnosis is presented. Each chapter contains the essential information required by attending physicians as well as bench scientists to understand the definition of a specific autoimmune disease, the diagnostic criteria, and the treatment.
Myositis (ORL)

Myositis (ORL)

Author: Hector Chinoy, Robert G. Cooper
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198754124
Pages: 204
Year: 2017-12-21
The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a rare group of autoimmune diseases, negatively affecting the lives of an estimated 250,000 people worldwide. Delays in diagnosis often occur owing to a lack of recognition of disease presentation, or misdiagnosis, both of which can lead tomuscle atrophy. This new addition to the Oxford Rheumatology Library series focuses on providing a summary of what is currently understood about the epidemiology of myositis, controversies in diagnosis criteria, clinical features, and the current paradigms for treatment and intervention. Designed to bring togetherthe multi-disciplinary involvement of healthcare professionals for IMM patients, this is the first easy-to-navigate guide for the practical management of myositis. This is an essential guide for both physicians and trainees in Rheumatology, Neurology, and Dermatology specialities.
Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Author: D. A. Warrell, Timothy M. Cox, John D. Firth
Publisher:
ISBN: 0198570147
Pages: 1602
Year: 2003

Ischemic Optic Neuropathies

Ischemic Optic Neuropathies

Author: Sohan Singh Hayreh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642118526
Pages: 456
Year: 2011-08-28
Ischemic optic neuropathy, often referred to as a stroke of the optic nerve, is one of the major causes of visual impairment or loss of vision. Yet it is a highly controversial and confusing subject because of the general lack of in-depth scientific understanding of the subject. In this book the leading authority in the field describes in detail the current knowledge about the different forms of the often devastating disease. Insights into the underlying pathogenesis and peculiar clinical features are given, leading the reader to the most appropriate way of management. This information will help any physician dealing with patients who suffer from sudden loss of vision.