CIOMS, in association with the World Health Organization, started its work on ethics in health-related research in the late 1970s. Accordingly, CIOMS set out, in cooperation with WHO, to prepare guidelines to indicate how the ethical principles set forth in the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association, could be effectively applied, particularly in low-resource settings, given their socio-economic circumstances, laws and regulations, and executive and administrative arrangements. Since then revised editions of the CIOMS ethical guidelines were published in 1993 and 2002. New developments in research have prompted CIOMS to again revise their ethical guidelines. The result is now available in this new publication. In the new 2016 version of the ethical guidelines, CIOMS provides answers to a number of pressing issues in research ethics. The Council does so by stressing the need for research having scientific and social value, by providing special guidelines for health-related research in low-resource settings, by detailing the provisions for involving vulnerable groups in research and for describing under what conditions biological samples and health-related data can be used for research. Progress towards a world where all can enjoy optimal health and health care is crucially dependent on all kinds of research including research involving humans. Involving humans in medical research is necessary to improve the knowledge base on which medicine should be based. At the same time, individuals participating in health-related research have individual human rights and have a right to be protected against the risks that research may bring to them. The tension between these two considerations has led the medical community to endorse ethical guidelines for health-related research. Research Ethics Committees can use these guidelines to evaluate whether a given research protocol is ethically acceptable or not.
Los comités de ética en investigación se han constituido primordialmente para asegurar la protección de los seres humanos y la calidad científica de los proyectos de investigación. Sus objetivos principales son: garantizar el respeto de las personas, salvaguardar que las investigaciones no pongan en riesgo la integridad de los sujetos participantes y avalar que no se vulneren sus derechos. En este libro se invitó a representantes de comités de ética que hubieran evaluado investigaciones en humanos, animales, genética y ciencias básicas para que presentaran las situaciones que han creado tensión, generado discusiones y requerido estudios adicionales.
I. Defining "research" -- II. Issues in study design . -- III. Harm and benefit -- IV. Voluntary informed consent -- V. Standard of care -- VI. Obligations to participants and communities -- VII. Privacy and confidentiality -- VIII. Professional ethics.
Pain in Osteoarthritis
Author: David T. Felson, Hans-Georg Schaible
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An authoritative investigation of the sources andtreatment of osteoarthritic joint pain Millions of people throughout the world suffer from osteoarthritis (OA)—a medical condition causing its sufferers excruciating pain that is often disabling. This is the first book to offer clinicians an in-depth understanding of the biological sources of osteoarthritic pain and how they can be treated. Here, a team of leading international authorities has contributed state-of-the-art information on: The Neuroscience of Articular Pain—spinal and peripheral mechanisms of joint pain; experimental models for the study of osteoarthritic pain; inflammatory mediators and nociception in arthritis; phantoms in rheumatology; and more Osteoarthritis and Pain—joint mechanisms and neuromuscular aspects of OA; bone pain and pressure in OA joints; structural correlates of OA pain; and more Treatment of Osteoarthritic Pain—general approaches to treatment; treatments targeting pain receptors; treatments targeting biomechanical abnormalities; and treatments targeting inflammation Whether you're a medical professional, researcher, student, or a generalist or specialist focusing on pain or arthritis, this is your one-stop reference for understanding and treating joint pain in osteoarthritis.
The present text is the revised/updated version of the CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. It consists of 21 guidelines with commentaries. A prefatory section outlines the historical background and the
La guia de estudio para el examen nacional del trabajo social es un libro de 550 paginas con el especifico MATERIAL CONTENIDO PARA EL EXAMEN: LA CONSTRUCCION DEL EXAMEN CAPITULO 1: DESARROLLO HUMANO CAPITULO 2: TEMAS DE DIVERSIDAD CAPITULO 3: DIAGNOSTICO Y EVALUACION CAPITULO 4: PSICOTERAPIA/PRACTICA CAPITULO 5: COMUNICACIONES CAPITULO 6: RELACIONES TERAPEUTICAS CAPITULO 7: PROFESIONALISMO/ETICA CAPITULO 8: SUPERVISION, CONSULTA Y DESARROLLO DEL PERSONAL CAPITULO 9: EVALUACION, INVESTIGACION CAPITULO 10: ENVIO DEL SERVICIO CAPITULO 11: PRACTICA/GERENCIA CAPITULO 12: EJEMPLOS DE EXAMENES CAPITULO 13: DEFINICIONES/TERMINOS
This new, thoroughly recast Second Edition has been acclaimed as "the most important book written since the beginning of that strange project called bioethics" (Stanley Hauerwas, Duke University). Its philosophical exploration of the foundations of secular bioethics has been substantially expanded. The book challenges the values of much of contemporary bioethics and health care policy by confronting their failure to secure the moral norms they seek to apply. The nature of health and disease, the definition of death, the morality of abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, germline genetic engineering, triage decisions and distributive justice in health care are all addressed within an integrated reconsideration of bioethics as a whole. New material has been added regarding social justice, health care reform and environmental ethics. The very possibility and meaning of a secular bioethics are re-explored.
An essential guide for succeeding in today's competitive environment, this book provides beginning scientists and experienced researchers with practical advice on writing about their work and getting published. This new, updated edition discusses the latest print and Internet resources. Preparing, submitting and publishing scientific papers is now largely electronic, and the book has been revised to reflect this. New material includes more information on including supplementary material online, using reference management software, and preparing tables and figures; expanded sections on structuring a discussion section and the strengths and limitations of the research; and additional material on international aspects of scientific writing. The book guides readers through the processes involved in writing and publishing for scientific journals, from choosing a suitable journal to presenting results and citing references. It covers ethical issues in scientific publishing; explains rights and permissions; and discusses writing grant proposals, giving presentations and writing for general audiences.
This text provides comprehensive yet concise coverage of international health policy and ethics. It promotes understanding of health policy and its influencers, and explains how policy directly affects health and health care. An in-depth review of pertinent background concepts, current issues, future needs and assessments is provided. Coverage includes: * health care systems, policies, impacts and influencers * health care quality concerns * justice and access to care * social and cultural issues * regulatory actions * global public health problems. Health Policy and Ethics is an essential resource for graduate students in pharmacy administration, social pharmacy and health policy, PharmD students, and those involved in health policy decision making.
Recent international developments show that essential medications can be made affordable and accessible to developing countries, and that double standards need not prevail. This is the first book to examine these issues, drawing the bold conclusion that double standards in medical research are ethically unacceptable."--BOOK JACKET.
Dentro del marco del programa de Medicina de la Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud el curso de las Actividades Integradoras del Aprendizaje por Sistemas, AIAS del Sistema Nervioso es una oportunidad de comprender un sistema complejo, en el cual los aspectos básicos, clínicos, sociales, históricos y legales, son necesarios para poder tener una aproximación completa. Utilizando como hilo conductor una serie de casos clínicos, los docentes exponen su conocimiento de una manera sencilla y amena, lo cual esperamos permita a nuestros estudiantes poder navegar dentro de un mar de conocimiento, no solo extenso, si no muy apasionante. Este libro no busca suplir otras fuentes de conocimiento, ni busca convertirse en el texto guía de nuestros estudiantes. Queremos compartir nuestro conocimiento sobre algunos de los puntos relevantes que se tocan a lo largo del curso y lograr transmitir a nuestros estudiantes la pasión con la que trabajamos en esos temas.
Illusions of Reality
Author: James H. Korn
Publisher: SUNY Press
Examines the origins and the development of the use of deception in psychological research to create illusions of reality.