Ramon Jose Sender Graces was born on 3rd February 1901. He was a prolific writer, who published a vast quantity of novels, stories, plays, essays, poetry and articles throughout his life. He wrote Requiem por un campesino espanol during one week in 1952, with the intention that it be part of a collection of short stories. That book never materialised, but Sender's novella was published by Aquelarre in Mexico in 1953 under the title Mosen Millan . The title was changed in 1960 by New York publisher Las Americas to something that could be meaningfully translated into English. The political message conveyed within the book meant that it was not published in Spain until 1974. Requiem for a Spanish Peasant relates the thoughts and memories of Mosen Millan, the parish priest, as he sits in the vestry of the church in a nameless Aragonese village, preparing to conduct a Reqiuem Mass to celebrate the life of a young peasant, Paco el del Molino, killed by the Nationalist army a year earlier, at the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. As he waits, his thoughts are interrupted by the occasional comings and goings of an altar boy, who hums to himself an anonymous ballad. This ballad, along with Millan's thoughts and the voice of an omniscient narrator, creates three strands of narration for the reader to follow.
Requiem per un campesino espanol was first published under the title Mosen Millan in Coleccion Aquelarre,Mexico, 1953. The present text follows the first Spanish edition published by Destino, Barcelona, 1974, which bears a few minor variants, mainly in paragraph structure. It has been reprinted a number of times and translated into many languages and is one of the most widely read Spanish texts in the 20th century. This edition is aimed primarily at sixth-formers and university undergraduates and the introduction and notes have been compiled in the light of recent socio-politial topic-based syllabuses and communication studies courses. The inclusion in the introduction of a substantial section on the now out-of-print "Contraataque" (1937), the wartime narrative which contains the germ of the post-war novel, is intended to provide the student with a context for the study of the process in Sender's writing inspired by the Civil War - from explicit militant propaganda penned in the heat of battle to implicit poetic parable, historical emotion recollected in the comparative tranquillity and distance of exile. It is hoped that such a juxtaposition will illuminate both the content and literary achievement of "Requiem"
Réquiem por un campesino español recoge un dramático episodio de la guerra civil en un pueblecito aragonés. Mosén Millán se dispone a ofrecer una misa en sufragio del alma de un joven a quien había querido como a un hijo. Mientras aguarda a los asistentes, el cura reconstruye los hechos: el fracaso de su mediación, con la que creyó poder salvar al joven, pero que sólo sirvió para entregarlo a sus ejecutores. El relato es de una perfecta sobriedad y de una sencillez no por ello menos profunda y estremecedora. La narración sobrecoge por su ajustado realismo, por la eficacia de sus símbolos y por el profundo conocimiento de los mecanismos de la conciencia, puesto de manifiesto a través de la evocación del sacerdote. Sin duda, Réquiem por un campesino español es una de las mejores obras de Ramón J. Sender y un libro definitivo sobre nuestra guerra civil, alejado de cualquier panfletarismo.
Soldiers of Salamis
Author: Javier Cercas
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
In the final moments of the Spanish Civil War, a writer and founding member of Franco's Fascist Party is about to be shot, and yet miraculously escapes into the forest. When his hiding place is discovered, he faces death for the second time that day-but is spared, this time by a lone soldier. The POW becomes a national hero and a member of Franco's first government, while the soldier is forgotten. Sixty years later, Cercas's novel peels back the layers of truth and propaganda in order to discover who the real hero was. Elegantly constructed and told with self-deprecating, melancholy humor, Soldiers of Salamis is a wholly original work of literature by a modern master.
Author: Benito Pérez Galdós
Believer in modernism loves pious girl and personifies the struggle between scientific enlightenment and obscurantism.
Author: Noël Maureen Valis
Publisher: Yale University Press
In this thoughtful and compelling book, leading Spanish literature scholar Noël Valis re-examines the role of Catholicism in the modern Spanish novel. While other studies of fiction and faith have focused largely on religious themes, Sacred Realism views the religious impulse as a crisis of modernity: a fundamental catalyst in the creative and moral development of Spanish narrative.
Few events have stirred the emotions and caught the imaginations of intellectuals as did the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. The Spanish Civil War in Literature examines the diverse literatures that the war inspired: a literature relating directly to the war, a literature of exile arising from the forty-year dictatorship of Francisco Franco, and a polemical literature embracing pro-Franco and Loyalist sympathies.In this book, specialists from a variety of fields explore these literatures within comparative and interdisciplinary frameworks. They reflect upon film, poetry, novels, painting, discourse, biography, and propaganda. The essays are grouped according to the original languages of the works they discuss—French, Russian, English, and Spanish.
The Spanish Civil War (1936-39), a national conflict with international significance, inspired strong responses from artists and writers on both sides of the Atlantic. The bombing of the Basque town Guernica, the assassination of the poet Federico García Lorca, and the defense of Madrid are just some of the events represented in painting, film, fiction, memoir, and history produced during the war years and since. Courses dealing with the Spanish Civil War are given regularly in literature, foreign language, and history departments, in English and in Spanish. This volume in the MLA series Options for Teaching helps instructors plan courses that exploit the interdisciplinary, multigeneric opportunities present in the period's aesthetic output. In thirty-five essays, contributors negotiate the complex relation between art and history in depictions of the war and its aftermath, exploring how memory is shaped. Key representations of the war, like Picasso's Guernica, Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls, Orwell's Homage to Catalonia, Rodoreda's La plaça del Diamant, Sender's Réquiem por un campesino español, and Capa's Falling Militiaman, find a place in this wide-ranging volume. In addition, coverage extends to less frequently taught works by Catalan, German, Irish, and Latin American novelists, poets, and visual artists. The volume concludes with a section of resources for further study and classroom use, including films, music, photography, Web sites, and course syllabi and commentaries.
The Cuaderno de práctica helps student expand and refine a number of writing tools (control of grammar, range of vocabulary, rhetorical techniques for organizing information) as well as strategies for getting started. Each chapter begins with a section entitled Páginas personales, in which students perform a variety of prewriting tasks from the Primera and Segunda etapa sections of the textbook; grammar exercises to accompany explanations in the textbook are all in the workbook, where students can check many of their own answers in an answer appendix.
A New History of Spanish Writing, 1939 to the 1990s explores the diversity of some sixty years of imaginative writing by Spaniards, its interactions with Spain's peculiarly dramatic history since the end of its Civil War, and its wider thematic significance. It covers the famous and canonical texts of the most recent in Modern Spanish literature but also explores areas less well-known outside Spain (essays and editorials, queer narrative, new poetry, comics, and texts of the militant and reactionary Right). More space than is usual in literary histories is allowed for commentary on famous texts, but the book also makes room for the marginalized and for socially contextualized explorations of the interconnectedness of various forms of writing. The overall structure is not chronological but thematic, dealing with abstract and topical issues such as silence, the family, or realism.
Earthy, magical, and utterly charming, this tale of family life in tum-of-the-century Mexico became a best-selling phenomenon with its winning blend of poignant romance and bittersweet wit. From the Trade Paperback edition.
A Song for Nagasaki
Author: Paul Glynn
Publisher: Eerdmans Publishing Company
The story of Takashi Nagai, M.D., professor of radiology at the University of Nagasaki, and of his spiritual pilgrimge from his native Shintoism to atheistic rationalism, and finally to a Christian faith.