Der Anteil älterer und alter Menschen an der Gesamtbevölkerung steigt kontinuierlich an. Diese Entwicklung wird sich auch in den kommenden Jahren fortsetzen. So werden 2050 rund 40 % der deutschen Bevölkerung 60 Jahre oder älter sein. Die Alterung der Bevölkerung wirkt sich auf nahezu alle Lebensbereiche aus und stellt damit Planer und Entscheider auf staatlicher wie auf privater Seite vor neue Herausforderungen. Dies betrifft auch die Frage, wie innerstädtische Einkaufsstandorte, und zwar traditionelle innerstädtische Einkaufsstraßen und innerstädtische Shopping Center, gestaltet werden müssen, um den Anforderungen und Bedürfnissen möglichst aller Altersgruppen und damit auch denjenigen der älteren und alten Konsumenten zu entsprechen. Am Beispiel der Städte Erlangen, Koblenz und Zwickau wird in vorliegender Untersuchung der Frage nachgegangen, wie ältere und alte Menschen die verschiedenen innerstädtischen Einkaufsstandorte wahrnehmen und nutzen, welche Unterschiede diesbezüglich zu jüngeren Kundengruppen bestehen und welche Schlussfolgerungen sich daraus für eine zukunftsgerichtete Gestaltung der traditionellen Einkaufsstraßen und der innerstädtischen Shopping Center ableiten lassen. Für die Untersuchung kam ein breites methodisches Instrumentarium aus Zeitungsrecherchen, Kartierungen, qualitativen Beobachtungen, qualitativen Haushaltsbefragungen sowie quantitativen Passantenbefragungen zur Anwendung.
Author: Annika Wehrle
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Passagenräume des Alltags wie Bahnhöfe, Shopping Malls und Verkehrsmittel sind urbane Knotenpunkte des frühen 21. Jahrhunderts. In ihnen verdichten sich temporäre, kulturelle und gesellschaftliche Prozesse. Doch von welchen Spielregeln sind unsere täglichen Wege bestimmt? Und welche Spuren hinterlässt Theater in diesen flüchtigen Räumen des Durchgangs? Annika Wehrle öffnet den Blick für zeitgenössische Übergänge und vollzieht einen Grenzgang ästhetischer und sozio-kultureller Perspektiven. Durch das Brennglas performativer Formen werden funktionale Durchgänge zu Spiel- und Aushandlungsräumen für Fragen der Globalisierung, Medialisierung, Mobilität und Öffentlichkeit.
Author: Chris Brook, Gerry Mooney, Steve Pile
The text argues that cities are open to many forms of order and disorder both from within the city and outside. They represent cities potentials as well as their problems. It challenges the assumption that cities are threatened by disorder from below and that they might be ruled by 'order' imposed from above.
Collected for the first time in a single volume, these essays and articles by Naoki Fukui form an outline of some of the most significant and formative contributions to syntactic theory. Focusing particularly on the typological differences between English/type language and Japanese/type languages, Fukui examines the abstract parameters that both link and divide them. Linguistic universals are considered in the light of cross-linguistic variation and typological (parametric) differences are investigated from the viewpoint of universal principles. The book's main focus is the nature and structure of invariant principles and parameters (variables) and how they interact to give principled accounts to a variety of seemingly unrelated differences between English and Japanese. The contrasts between these two types of language is an ideal testing ground, since the languages are superficially different in virtually every aspect of their linguistic structures from word order and wh-movement, to grammatical agreement and case-marking systems, among many others. These articles constitute a considerable contribution to the development of the principles-and-parameters model in its exploration and refinement of theoretical concepts and fundamental principles of linguistic theory, leading to some of the basic insights that lie behind the minimalist program.
The European Faculty of Land Use and Development is committed to an integrated multidisciplinary view on sustainable land management. It regularly organizes interdisciplinary symposia. This volume contains experiences and new approaches from the fields of geodesy, geography and geo information, land readjustment, philosophy, spatial planning, jurisprudence and environmental sciences. The contributions deal with questions of social and ecological development in different European regions that are relevant to land tenure systems and land use policy as well as with issues related to planning processes and procedures.
China and Europe
Author: Klaus Kunzmann, Willy A Schmid, Martina Koll-Schretzenmayr
China and Europe address the challenges for the cities and regions of Europe that may be the consequences of such development trends. Contributions by policy-makers and academic observers will prepare the ground for debating the dimensions ‘economy’, ‘knowledge and culture’, ‘environment and mobility’, ‘quality of life’, and ‘governance’ of this challenge.
Author: Joep van Lieshout
the albion gallery, london presents a large show of ink on canvas drawings made by joep van lieshout, the founder of atelier van lieshout, along with several large models, made by atelier van lieshout. the show is all about life and work in slavecity, a dystopian metropolis. joep van lieshout has been developing this project since 2005.together with the exhibition a publication of new and recent drawings of joep van lieshout will be presented. it is the first publication of drawings of joep van lieshout (19 color and 64 b&w illustrations). the book features a conversation between joep van lieshout and winy maas, architect and one of the founders of architect office MVRDV, based in rotterdam.
Cities and Design
Author: Paul L. Knox
Cities, initially a product of the manufacturing era, have been thoroughly remade in the image of consumer society. Competitive spending among affluent households has intensified the importance of style and design at every scale and design professions have grown in size and importance, reflecting distinctive geographies and locating disproportionately in cities most intimately connected with global systems of key business services. Meanwhile, many observers still believe good design can make positive contributions to people’s lives. Cities and Design explores the complex relationships between design and urban environments. It traces the intellectual roots of urban design, presents a critical appraisal of the imprint and effectiveness of design professions in shaping urban environments, examines the role of design in the material culture of contemporary cities, and explores the complex linkages among designers, producers and distributors in contemporary cities, for example: fashion and graphic design in New York; architecture, fashion and publishing in London; furniture, industrial design, interior design and fashion in Milan; haute couture in Paris and so on. This book offers a distinctive social science perspective on the economic and cultural context of design in contemporary cities, presenting cities themselves as settings for design, design services and the ‘affect’ associated with design.
A Study of Growth and Decline
Author: Leo van den Berg, Roy Drewett, Leo H. Klaassen
Urban Europe: A Study of Growth and Decline, Volume 1 contains the result of the first stage of the CURB project. The general aim of the CURB project is to study the financing of urban systems and to evaluate the costs associated with urban change. Organized into three parts, this book contains the initial conceptual framework that incorporates some elements of a behavioral theory of the spatial welfare-functions of key actors in the urban transformation process, viz. households, employers and governments. Part I details the elements of a theory of urban development. Part II describes the empirical analysis of urban development trends. The last part contains the elements of a theory on urban policy and an evaluation of national urban policies in Europe.
This book considers two key educational tools for future generations of professionals with a space architecture background in the 21st century: (1) introducing the discipline of space architecture into the space system engineering curricula; and (2) developing space architecture as a distinct, complete training curriculum. Professionals educated this way will help shift focus from solely engineering-driven transportation systems and “sortie” missions towards permanent off-world human presence. The architectural training teaches young professionals to operate at all scales from the “overall picture” down to the smallest details, to provide directive intention–not just analysis–to design opportunities, to address the relationship between human behavior and the built environment, and to interact with many diverse fields and disciplines throughout the project lifecycle. This book will benefit individuals and organizations responsible for planning transportation and habitat systems in space, while also providing detailed information on work and design processes for architects and engineers.
Author: Michael Erlhoff, Timothy Marshall
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
This dictionary provides a stimulating and categorical foundation for a serious international discourse on design. It is a handbook for everyone concerned with design in career or education, who is interested in it, enjoys it, and wishes to understand it. 110 authors from Japan, Austria, England, Germany, Australia, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the United States, and elsewhere have written original articles for this design dictionary. Their cultural differences provide perspectives for a shared understanding of central design categories and communicating about design. The volume includes both the terms in use in current discussions, some of which are still relatively new, as well as classics of design discourse. A practical book, both scholarly and ideal for browsing and reading at leisure.
L'aménagement du territoire joue un rôle important dans le renforcement des relations intersectorielles. Mais, la diversité de l'environnement, des valeurs culturelles, et des caractéristiques nationales et ethniques est un atout majeur en Europe qu'il convient de préserver et de mettre en valeur dans le contexte de la mondialisation. Il est tout aussi important de réduire les disparités entre pays, régions et communes d'Europe en matière de qualité de vie, de perspectives économiques, de prospérité et de niveau de développement. La question de l'accès aux services essentiels - accès à l'eau potable, assainissement des eaux usées, collecte et traitement des déchets, transport public, construction durable - dans ce contexte prend ici toute son importance. Ouvrage en anglais et en français.
The Ludic City
Author: Quentin Stevens
This international and illustrated work challenges current writings focussing on the problems of urban public space to present a more nuanced and dialectical conception of urban life. Detailed and extensive international urban case studies show how urban open spaces are used for play, which is defined and discussed using Caillois' four-part definition – competition, chance, simulation and vertigo. Stevens explores and analyzes these case studies according to locations where play has been observed: paths, intersections, thresholds, boundaries and props. Applicable to a wide-range of countries and city forms, The Ludic City is a fascinating and stimulating read for all who are involved or interested in the design of urban spaces.
Convivial Urban Spaces
Author: Henry Shaftoe
Despite developments in urban design during the last few decades, architects, urban planners and designers often continue to produce areas of bland, commercially led urban fabric that deliver the basic functional requirements of shelter, work and leisure but are socially unsustainable and likely generators of future problems. Convivial Urban Spaces demonstrates that successful urban public spaces are an essential part of a sustainable built environment. Without them we are likely to drift into an increasingly private and polarized society, with all the problems that would imply. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this book draws on research, and the literature and theory of environmental psychology and urban design, to advance our understanding of what makes effective public spaces. Practical guidance is illustrated with case studies from the UK, Spain, Germany and Italy. The result is a practical and clearly presented guide to urban public space for planners, architects and students of the urban environment.
Author: Franz Oswald, P. Baccini, Mark Michaeli
Publisher: Birkhauser Architecture
"Netzstadt stands for a model. It facilitates the differentiated portrayal of an urban development which has characterized cities and landscapes since the middle of the twentieth century. The model's foundation is the elucidation of criteria of durability and urbanity. Netzstadt stands for a transdisciplinary method by means of which urbanity can be analyzed and evaluated morphologically and physiologically, and redesigned in a process of modernization. Modernization means initiating an intelligent process in a democratic society in order to adapt the 'urban cultural landscape' to the needs of the future. Netzstadt is the title of a text book on designing cities. It addresses students and practitioners in the fields of city planning and city construction, in architecture, engineering and the natural sciences and the social sciences and economics"--Back cover.