La svolta istituzionale e politica del 1946 rinnovò profondamente l'Italia, nel costume, nella cultura e nel linguaggio. Le città erano piene di cumuli di macerie, ma nella pace ritrovata le speranze prevalevano. In quel bisogno di esprimersi, la lingua comune fu chiamata a rispondere a una pluralità di impieghi e registri prima sconosciuta, e così accadde anche ai dialetti. Parte da questa volontà di nuovo la Storia linguistica dell'Italia repubblicana, che si propone di continuare fino all'oggi la Storia linguistica dell'Italia unita dedicata agli anni dal 1861 al secondo dopoguerra. Il libro racconta il quadro delle condizioni linguistiche e culturali del paese a metà Novecento: un paese contadino segnato da bassa scolarità, analfabetismo, predominio dei dialetti. Individua poi i mutamenti di natura economica, sociale, politica e le luci e le ombre di quel che è avvenuto nel linguaggio: largo uso dell'italiano nel parlare, ma continua disaffezione alla lettura, nuovo ruolo dei dialetti, scarsa consuetudine con le scienze, mediocri livelli di competenza della popolazione adulta, difficoltà della scuola. L'ultimo capitolo, infine, mostra come tutto ciò incida sui modi di adoperare la nostra lingua: sul vocabolario e la grammatica che usiamo, parlando in privato o in pubblico, o scrivendo testi giornalistici, amministrativi e burocratici, letterari o scientifici.
Storia linguistica dell'Italia unita: un'opera unica nel panorama culturale italiano: la storia della lingua dall'Unità al secondo dopoguerra si intreccia qui con la vita politica, intellettuale e letteraria del paese, e con le trasformazioni della scuola e della cultura di massa. Storia linguistica dell'Italia repubblicana: il volume segue il grande classico di Tullio De Mauro, la Storia linguistica dell'Italia unita, e completa il panorama dello studio dell'italiano contemporaneo e della cultura del nostro Paese dal 1946 ai nostri giorni.
This book explores the Linguistic Landscapes of ten French and Italian Mediterranean coastal cities. The authors address the national languages, the regional languages and dialects, migrant languages, and the English language, as they collectively mark the public space.
Italian Communities Abroad
Author: Margherita Di Salvo, Paola Moreno
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
This volume provides an overview of research on Italian communities abroad, and, thus, represents an important contribution to the recent wave of paradigm renewal in the field of migration (socio)linguistics of Italian. The contributors here are some of the most active and rigorous exponents of this renewal tendency, and here they discuss new approaches and paradigms for the sociolinguistic study of migrations.
Author: T. De Mauro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Various students of general linguistics and semantics quote and discuss Wittgenstein, among others, OGDEN and RICHARDS (1960), ULLMANN (1951, 1962), PAGLIARO (1952, 1957), WELLS (1960), REGNELL (1960) and 1 ZIFF (1960). For the most part however they quote the Tractatus and not 2 the Philosophical Investigations ; not all of them consider the most important ideas in the Tractatus but often discuss marginal points; above all they often make the discussion of Wittgenstein's ideas secondary to the development of their own thought. It should be added, moreover, that these students are exceptions. The large majority of language theorists, especially those with a philological background, have almost no know ledge of Wittgenstein's ideas. One scholar thinks that Wittgenstein's linguistic philosophy rests upon a grotesque misunderstanding of the workings of language (HERDAN, 1962, Chapter 24). The present book seeks to draw the attention of students of general linguistics and semantics to the thought of both the early and the later Wittgenstein: not only the Philosophical Investigations but also the Tractatus is concerned with everyday language: Wittgenstein was thinking of the propositions of everyday language, when he affirmed that the proposition is a picture of reality (Chapter 1). This conception is very old, it is in fact found in Aristotle and it dominated ancient, mediaeval and modern rationalistic thought; only Locke, Vico and Leibniz criticized it strongly (Chapter 2).
L’italiano è messo in pericolo dalla rete, sotto i colpi dell’inglese, delle abbreviazioni, degli errori e delle faccine? Con questo volume cerchiamo di andare oltre i facili allarmismi e i luoghi comuni, delineando le caratteristiche storiche, funzionali, semiologiche e linguistiche, le implicazioni cognitive e sociali della comunicazione che attraversa la rete. Nei nove capitoli di cui si compone questo libro, linguisti specializzati nei nuovi media analizzano fenomeni quali l’interazione, l’ipertestualità, la frammentarietà, le idee dei naviganti sulla lingua, l’uso dell’inglese e dei dialetti online, il nuovo italiano popolare, le bufale, il linguaggio dell’odio, i siti dedicati all’italiano e altro ancora. L’ampiezza della prospettiva e la trattazione amichevole rendono il volume adatto anche al pubblico non specialistico.
Giussani argues that if we accept the hypothesis that the mystery entered the realm of human existence and spoke in human terms, the relationship between the individual and God is no longer based on a moral, imaginative, or aesthetic human effort but instead on coming upon an event in one's life. Thus the religious method is overturned by Christ: in Christianity it is no longer the person who seeks to know the mystery but the mystery that makes himself known by entering history. At the Origin of the Christian Claim presents an intriguing argument supported with ample documentation from the gospels and other theological writings.
Author: Claudio Magris
Publisher: Random House
In the tiny borderlands of Istria and Italy, from the forests of Monte Nevoso, to the hidden valleys of the Tyrol, to a Trieste café, Microcosms pieces together a mosaic of stories - comic, tragic, picaresque, nostalgic - from life's minor characters. Their worlds might be small, but they are far from minimalist: in them flashes the great, the meaningful, the unrepeatable significance of every existence.
Both Leibniz and Humboldt are scholars in whose work we find a passionate interest in the history and development of languages combined with a strong theoretical commitment. Linking their names to linguistic comparativism draws attention to the contribution these scholars have made to the history of comparativism and also promotes discussion of the relationship of theory and practice in linguistic research in more general terms. In September 1986, a conference on Leibniz, Humboldt and the Origins of Comparativism' was held in Rome. The papers included in this volume are revised versions of the papers presented at the conference.
In Migrancy, Culture, Identity, Iain Chambers unravels how our sense of place and identity is realised as we move through myriad languages, worlds and histories. The author explores the uncharted impact of cultural diversity on today's world, from the 'realistic' eye of the painter to the 'scientific' approach of the cultural anthropologist or the critical distance of the historian; from the computer screen to the Walkman and 'World Music'. Migrancy, Culture and Identity takes us on a journey into the disturbance and dislocation of culture and identity that faces all of us to explore how migration, marginality and homelessness have disrupted the West's faith in linear progress and rational thinking, undermining our knowledge, history and cultural identity.
A Private Matter
Author: Beppe Fenoglio
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
In recent decades, considerable European investment has been devoted to the training of language assistants, full-time teaching staff and mentors, while the new figure of the professional “language teacher trainer” (LTT) has emerged. It is becoming increasingly important that future LTTs are not simply more expert teachers, or scholars competent in the various relevant disciplines, but professionals who are aware of their role, who know the development of teacher training in Europe and beyond, and who are able to compare various experiences in different training contexts. This volume is aimed at LTTs who wish to become aware of the main issues, tools and research now available for their daily practice and professional role, and for lecturers who teach prospective language teachers. Language teachers with long experience might also find useful information on how they can develop into LTTs. The book also offers an overview of recent European projects that could be relevant to principals of language departments who are involved in the assessment and performance management of their staff. Finally, the volume contains research suggestions for academic and PhD students who are investigating current issues in language teaching methodology, teacher training, lifelong learning and professional development. Contributors include: Mercè Bernaus, Nick Charge, Jim Cummins, Pierangela Diadori, Michael Kelly, Hanna Komorowska, Laura Muresan, Joe Navarro, Brian North, Mario Pace, Fiorella Perotto and Richard Rossner.
Author: J. J. Kinder, V. M. Savini
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This 2002 book is a guide to Italian usage for students who have already acquired the basics of the language and wish to extend their knowledge. Unlike conventional grammars, it gives special attention to those areas of vocabulary and grammar which cause most difficulty to English-speakers. Careful consideration is given throughout to questions of style, register, and politeness which are essential to achieving an appropriate level of formality or informality in writing and speech. It surveys the contemporary linguistic scene in Italy and gives ample space to the new varieties of Italian that are emerging in modern Italy. The influence of the dialects in shaping the development of Italian is also acknowledged. Clear, readable and easy to consult via its two indexes, this is an essential reference for learners seeking access to the finer nuances of the Italian language.
Author: Philip Q. Yang
Publisher: SUNY Press
Defines the field of ethnic studies and explores its methodologies.