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The Direction of Time

The Direction of Time

Author: Hans Reichenbach
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486137252
Pages: 304
Year: 2012-10-10
Distinguished physicist examines emotive significance of time, time order of mechanics, time direction of thermodynamics and microstatistics, time direction of macrostatistics, time of quantum physics, more. 1971 edition.
Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point

Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point

Author: Huw Price
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198026137
Pages: 320
Year: 1997-12-04
Why is the future so different from the past? Why does the past affect the future and not the other way around? What does quantum mechanics really tell us about the world? In this important and accessible book, Huw Price throws fascinating new light on some of the great mysteries of modern physics, and connects them in a wholly original way. Price begins with the mystery of the arrow of time. Why, for example, does disorder always increase, as required by the second law of thermodynamics? Price shows that, for over a century, most physicists have thought about these problems the wrong way. Misled by the human perspective from within time, which distorts and exaggerates the differences between past and future, they have fallen victim to what Price calls the "double standard fallacy": proposed explanations of the difference between the past and the future turn out to rely on a difference which has been slipped in at the beginning, when the physicists themselves treat the past and future in different ways. To avoid this fallacy, Price argues, we need to overcome our natural tendency to think about the past and the future differently. We need to imagine a point outside time -- an Archimedean "view from nowhen" -- from which to observe time in an unbiased way. Offering a lively criticism of many major modern physicists, including Richard Feynman and Stephen Hawking, Price shows that this fallacy remains common in physics today -- for example, when contemporary cosmologists theorize about the eventual fate of the universe. The "big bang" theory normally assumes that the beginning and end of the universe will be very different. But if we are to avoid the double standard fallacy, we need to consider time symmetrically, and take seriously the possibility that the arrow of time may reverse when the universe recollapses into a "big crunch." Price then turns to the greatest mystery of modern physics, the meaning of quantum theory. He argues that in missing the Archimedean viewpoint, modern physics has missed a radical and attractive solution to many of the apparent paradoxes of quantum physics. Many consequences of quantum theory appear counterintuitive, such as Schrodinger's Cat, whose condition seems undetermined until observed, and Bell's Theorem, which suggests a spooky "nonlocality," where events happening simultaneously in different places seem to affect each other directly. Price shows that these paradoxes can be avoided by allowing that at the quantum level the future does, indeed, affect the past. This demystifies nonlocality, and supports Einstein's unpopular intuition that quantum theory describes an objective world, existing independently of human observers: the Cat is alive or dead, even when nobody looks. So interpreted, Price argues, quantum mechanics is simply the kind of theory we ought to have expected in microphysics -- from the symmetric standpoint. Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point presents an innovative and controversial view of time and contemporary physics. In this exciting book, Price urges physicists, philosophers, and anyone who has ever pondered the mysteries of time to look at the world from the fresh perspective of Archimedes' Point and gain a deeper understanding of ourselves, the universe around us, and our own place in time.
Theoretical Physics

Theoretical Physics

Author: Georg Joos, Ira M. Freeman
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318532
Pages: 928
Year: 2013-04-22
Classic treatise covers mathematical topics needed by theoretical and experimental physicists (vector analysis, calculus of variations, etc.), followed by coverage of mechanics, electromagnetic theory, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics.
Problems of Atomic Dynamics

Problems of Atomic Dynamics

Author: Max Born
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486438732
Pages: 200
Year: 2004
The Nobel Laureate discusses the foundations of quantum theory in two lectures, one on the structure of the atom, the other on the lattice theory of rigid bodies.
Quantum Mechanics for Applied Physics and Engineering

Quantum Mechanics for Applied Physics and Engineering

Author: Albert T. Fromhold
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486164691
Pages: 448
Year: 2012-07-26
For upper-level undergraduates and graduate students: an introduction to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, emphasizing aspects essential to an understanding of solid-state theory. Numerous problems (and selected answers), projects, exercises.
The Physics of Time Asymmetry

The Physics of Time Asymmetry

Author: P. C. W. Davies
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520032470
Pages: 214
Year: 1977-01-01

Mathematical Physics

Mathematical Physics

Author: Donald H. Menzel
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486139107
Pages: 432
Year: 2012-05-23
Useful treatment of classical mechanics, electromagnetic theory, and relativity includes explanations of function theory, vectors, matrices, dyadics, tensors, partial differential equations, other advanced mathematical techniques. Nearly 200 problems with answers.
Mechanics

Mechanics

Author: J. P. Den Hartog
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486158691
Pages: 480
Year: 2013-03-13
This classic introductory text features hundreds of applications and design problems that illuminate fundamentals of trusses, loaded beams and cables, and related areas. Includes 334 answered problems.
Topology and Geometry for Physicists

Topology and Geometry for Physicists

Author: Charles Nash, Siddhartha Sen
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318362
Pages: 320
Year: 2013-08-16
Differential geometry and topology are essential tools for many theoretical physicists, particularly in the study of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Written by physicists for physics students, this text introduces geometrical and topological methods in theoretical physics and applied mathematics. It assumes no detailed background in topology or geometry, and it emphasizes physical motivations, enabling students to apply the techniques to their physics formulas and research. "Thoroughly recommended" by The Physics Bulletin, this volume's physics applications range from condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics to elementary particle theory. Its main mathematical topics include differential forms, homotopy, homology, cohomology, fiber bundles, connection and covariant derivatives, and Morse theory.
Introductory Statistical Mechanics for Physicists

Introductory Statistical Mechanics for Physicists

Author: D. K. C. MacDonald
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486453235
Pages: 176
Year: 2006
This concise introduction is geared toward those concerned with solid state or low temperature physics. It presents the principles with simplicity and clarity, reviewing issues of critical interest. 1963 edition.
The Philosophy of Space and Time

The Philosophy of Space and Time

Author: Hans Reichenbach
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486138038
Pages: 336
Year: 2012-03-13
A clear, penetrating exposition of developments in physical science and mathematics brought about by non-Euclidean geometries, including in-depth coverage of the foundations of geometry, theory of time, other topics.
Philosophical Problems of Space and Time

Philosophical Problems of Space and Time

Author: Adolf Grünbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940102622X
Pages: 884
Year: 2012-12-06
It is ten years since Adolf Griinbaum published the first edition of this book. It was promptly recognized to be one of the few major works in the philosophy of the natural sciences of this generation. In part, this is so because Griinbaum has chosen a problem basic both to philosophy and to the natural sciences - the nature of space and time; and in part, this is so because he so admirably exemplifies that Aristotelian devotion to the intimate and mutual dependence of actual science and philosophical understanding. More than this, however, the quality of his work derives from his achievement in combining detail with scope. The problems of space and time have been among the most difficult in contemporary and classical thought, and Griinbaum has been responsible to the full depth and complexity of these difficulties. This revised and enlarged second edition is a work in progress, in the tradition of reflective analysis of modern science of such figures as Ehrenfest and Reichenbach. In publishing this work among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, we hope to contribute to and encourage that broad tradition of natural philosophy which is marked by the close collaboration of philoso phers and scientists. To this end, we have published the proceedings of our Colloquia, of meetings and conferences here and abroad, as well as the works of single authors.
Mathematics of Classical and Quantum Physics

Mathematics of Classical and Quantum Physics

Author: Frederick W. Byron, Robert W. Fuller
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486135063
Pages: 672
Year: 2012-04-26
Graduate-level text offers unified treatment of mathematics applicable to many branches of physics. Theory of vector spaces, analytic function theory, theory of integral equations, group theory, and more. Many problems. Bibliography.
States of Matter

States of Matter

Author: Carol Baldwin
Publisher: Capstone Classroom
ISBN: 1410916820
Pages: 48
Year: 2005
Examines the properties of solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas, as well as changes in states of matter and the nature of fluids.
Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry

Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry

Author: J. J. Halliwell, J. Pérez-Mercader, W. H. Zurek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521568374
Pages: 536
Year: 1996-03-21
We say that the processes going on in the world about us are asymmetric in time or display an arrow of time. Yet this manifest fact of our experience is particularly difficult to explain in terms of the fundamental laws of physics. This volume reconciles these profoundly conflicting facts.