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Topology of Violence

Topology of Violence

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262345072
Pages: 168
Year: 2018-04-13
One of today's most widely read philosophers considers the shift in violence from visible to invisible, from negativity to excess of positivity. Some things never disappear—violence, for example. Violence is ubiquitous and incessant but protean, varying its outward form according to the social constellation at hand. In Topology of Violence, the philosopher Byung-Chul Han considers the shift in violence from the visible to the invisible, from the frontal to the viral to the self-inflicted, from brute force to mediated force, from the real to the virtual. Violence, Han tells us, has gone from the negative—explosive, massive, and martial—to the positive, wielded without enmity or domination. This, he says, creates the false impression that violence has disappeared. Anonymized, desubjectified, systemic, violence conceals itself because it has become one with society. Han first investigates the macro-physical manifestations of violence, which take the form of negativity—developing from the tension between self and other, interior and exterior, friend and enemy. These manifestations include the archaic violence of sacrifice and blood, the mythical violence of jealous and vengeful gods, the deadly violence of the sovereign, the merciless violence of torture, the bloodless violence of the gas chamber, the viral violence of terrorism, and the verbal violence of hurtful language. He then examines the violence of positivity—the expression of an excess of positivity—which manifests itself as over-achievement, over-production, over-communication, hyper-attention, and hyperactivity. The violence of positivity, Han warns, could be even more disastrous than that of negativity. Infection, invasion, and infiltration have given way to infarction.
Saving Beauty

Saving Beauty

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509515135
Pages: 120
Year: 2017-10-27
Beauty today is a paradox. The cult of beauty is ubiquitous but it has lost its transcendence and become little more than an aspect of consumerism, the aesthetic dimension of capitalism. The sublime and unsettling aspects of beauty have given way to corporeal pleasures and 'likes', resulting in a kind of 'pornography' of beauty. In this book, cultural theorist Byung-Chul Han reinvigorates aesthetic theory for our digital age. He interrogates our preoccupation with all things slick and smooth, from Jeff Koon's sculptures and the iPhone to Brazilian waxing. Reaching far deeper than our superficial reactions to viral videos and memes, Han reclaims beauty, showing how it manifests itself as truth, temptation and even disaster. This wide-ranging and profound exploration of beauty, encompassing ethical and political considerations as well as aesthetic, will appeal to all those interested in cultural and aesthetic theory, philosophy and digital media.
Epistemic Injustice

Epistemic Injustice

Author: Miranda Fricker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198237901
Pages: 188
Year: 2007-07-05
No further information has been provided for this title.
Metahistory

Metahistory

Author: Hayden White
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421415615
Pages: 480
Year: 2014-12-04
Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. This latent poetic and linguistic content—which White dubs the "metahistorical element"—essentially serves as a paradigm for what an "appropriate" historical explanation should be. To support his thesis, White analyzes the complex writing styles of historians like Michelet, Ranke, Tocqueville, and Burckhardt, and philosophers of history such as Marx, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Croce. The first work in the history of historiography to concentrate on historical writing as writing, Metahistory sets out to deprive history of its status as a bedrock of factual truth, to redeem narrative as the substance of historicality, and to identify the extent to which any distinction between history and ideology on the basis of the presumed scientificity of the former is spurious. This fortieth-anniversary edition includes a new preface in which White explains his motivation for writing Metahistory and discusses how reactions to the book informed his later writing. In a new foreword, Michael S. Roth, a former student of White’s and the current president of Wesleyan University, reflects on the significance of the book across a broad range of fields, including history, literary theory, and philosophy. This book will be of interest to anyone—in any discipline—who takes the past as a serious object of study.
The Transparency Society

The Transparency Society

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 080479751X
Pages: 72
Year: 2015-08-19
Transparency is the order of the day. It is a term, a slogan, that dominates public discourse about corruption and freedom of information. Considered crucial to democracy, it touches our political and economic lives as well as our private lives. Anyone can obtain information about anything. Everything—and everyone—has become transparent: unveiled or exposed by the apparatuses that exert a kind of collective control over the post-capitalist world. Yet, transparency has a dark side that, ironically, has everything to do with a lack of mystery, shadow, and nuance. Behind the apparent accessibility of knowledge lies the disappearance of privacy, homogenization, and the collapse of trust. The anxiety to accumulate ever more information does not necessarily produce more knowledge or faith. Technology creates the illusion of total containment and the constant monitoring of information, but what we lack is adequate interpretation of the information. In this manifesto, Byung-Chul Han denounces transparency as a false ideal, the strongest and most pernicious of our contemporary mythologies.
Punk Rock Entrepreneur

Punk Rock Entrepreneur

Author: Caroline Moore
Publisher: Microcosm Publishing
ISBN: 162106185X
Pages: 128
Year: 2016-09-13
Do you have an idea for something that you want to share with the world but don’t know where to start? Want to make a living without selling your soul? Have a business plan but can't afford to buy anything up front? This book is for you. Punk Rock Entrepreneur is a guide to launching your own business using DIY methods that allow you to begin from wherever you are, right now. Caroline Moore talks (and illustrates!) you through the why and how of business operations that she learned over years booking bands, organizing fests, sleeping on couches, and making a little go a long way. Engaging stories and illustrations show you the ropes, from building a network and working distribution channels to the value of community and being authentic. With first hand accounts from touring bands and small business owners, this book gives you the inspiration and down-to-earth advice you’ll need to get started working for yourself.
The Scent of Time

The Scent of Time

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509516085
Pages: 120
Year: 2017-09-25
In his philosophical reflections on the art of lingering, acclaimed cultural theorist Byung-Chul Han argues that the value we attach today to the vita activa is producing a crisis in our sense of time. Our attachment to the vita activa creates an imperative to work which degrades the human being into a labouring animal, an animal laborans. At the same time, the hyperactivity which characterizes our daily routines robs human beings of the capacity to linger and the faculty of contemplation. It therefore becomes impossible to experience time as fulfilling. Drawing on a range of thinkers including Heidegger, Nietzsche and Arendt, Han argues that we can overcome this temporal crisis only by revitalizing the vita contemplativa and relearning the art of lingering. For what distinguishes humans from other animals is the capacity for reflection and contemplation, and when life regains this capacity, this art of lingering, it gains in time and space, in duration and vastness.
Why Nudge?

Why Nudge?

Author: Cass R. Sunstein
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300197861
Pages: 208
Year: 2014-03-25
The best-selling author of Simpler offers an argument for protecting people from their own mistakes.
Man a Machine ; And, Man a Plant

Man a Machine ; And, Man a Plant

Author: Julien Offray de La Mettrie
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 0872201945
Pages: 92
Year: 1994
The first modern translation of the complete texts of La Mettrie's pioneering L'Homme machine and L'Homme plante, first published in 1747 and 1748, respectively, this volume also includes translations of the advertisement and dedication to L'Homme machine. Justin Leiber's introduction illuminates the radical thinking and advocacy of the passionate La Mettrie and provides cogent analysis of La Mettrie's relationship to such important philosophical figures as Descartes, Malebranche, and Locke, and of his lasting influence on the development of materialism, cognitive studies, linguistics, and other areas of intellectual inquiry.
The Agony of Eros

The Agony of Eros

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262339250
Pages: 88
Year: 2017-03-31
An argument that love requires the courage to accept self-negation for the sake of discovering the Other. Byung-Chul Han is one of the most widely read philosophers in Europe today, a member of the new generation of German thinkers that includes Markus Gabriel and Armen Avanessian. In The Agony of Eros, a bestseller in Germany, Han considers the threat to love and desire in today's society. For Han, love requires the courage to accept self-negation for the sake of discovering the Other. In a world of fetishized individualism and technologically mediated social interaction, it is the Other that is eradicated, not the self. In today's increasingly narcissistic society, we have come to look for love and desire within the “inferno of the same.” Han offers a survey of the threats to Eros, drawing on a wide range of sources—Lars von Trier's film Melancholia, Wagner's Tristan und Isolde,Fifty Shades of Grey, Michel Foucault (providing a scathing critique of Foucault's valorization of power), Martin Buber, Hegel, Baudrillard, Flaubert, Barthes, Plato, and others. Han considers the “pornographication” of society, and shows how pornography profanes eros; addresses capitalism's leveling of essential differences; and discusses the politics of eros in today's “burnout society.” To be dead to love, Han argues, is to be dead to thought itself. Concise in its expression but unsparing in its insight, The Agony of Eros is an important and provocative entry in Han's ongoing analysis of contemporary society. This remarkable essay, an intellectual experience of the first order, affords one of the best ways to gain full awareness of and join in one of the most pressing struggles of the day: the defense, that is to say—as Rimbaud desired it—the “reinvention” of love. —from the foreword by Alain Badiou
The Burnout Society

The Burnout Society

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804797501
Pages: 72
Year: 2015-08-12
Our competitive, service-oriented societies are taking a toll on the late-modern individual. Rather than improving life, multitasking, "user-friendly" technology, and the culture of convenience are producing disorders that range from depression to attention deficit disorder to borderline personality disorder. Byung-Chul Han interprets the spreading malaise as an inability to manage negative experiences in an age characterized by excessive positivity and the universal availability of people and goods. Stress and exhaustion are not just personal experiences, but social and historical phenomena as well. Denouncing a world in which every against-the-grain response can lead to further disempowerment, he draws on literature, philosophy, and the social and natural sciences to explore the stakes of sacrificing intermittent intellectual reflection for constant neural connection.
In the Swarm

In the Swarm

Author: Byung-Chul Han
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262533367
Pages: 104
Year: 2017-04-07
A prominent German thinker argues that -- contrary to "Twitter Revolution" cheerleading -- digital communication is destroying political discourse and political action.
Imagen faltante, La. Muerte y duelo en la fotografía latinoamericana

Imagen faltante, La. Muerte y duelo en la fotografía latinoamericana

Author: Pamela Martínez Rod, Javier Gacharná Muñoz
Publisher: Edicions Universitat Barcelona
ISBN: 8491680624
Pages: 142
Year: 2018-05-07
Los conflictos violentos que han sacudido Latinoamérica en las últimas décadas, tales como la guerrilla colombiana, los feminicidios en México y las distintas dictaduras nacionales, suscitan preguntas radicales que solo pueden abordarse con serenidad desde la filosofía y el arte: ¿cómo guardar la memoria de las víctimas y, a la vez, construir una justicia y un perdón?, ¿cómo afrontar el dolor que provoca la pérdida, agravado por la certeza de que sus causantes fueron precisamente quienes tenían el deber de ofrecer protección? Los autores de La imagen faltante estudian diversas propuestas de fotógrafos contemporáneos que han dado a las comunidades afectadas por la violencia un espacio representacional para sus recuerdos. Mostrando el rostro real y concreto de la muerte traumática en Latinoamérica, los artistas integran el duelo privado en una narración universal que trata sobre el dolor del ser humano.
La Iglesia de Jesucristo : escritos de eclesiología 1

La Iglesia de Jesucristo : escritos de eclesiología 1

Author: Walter Kasper
Publisher:
ISBN: 8429320865
Pages: 536
Year: 2013-10

El Libro Negro de Las Carceles

El Libro Negro de Las Carceles

Author: Viorel Tsiple
Publisher:
ISBN: 1539783960
Pages: 450
Year: 2017-01-26
A diario o�mos noticias sobre alg�n esc�ndalo de corrupci�n, alg�n horrible crimen, infidelidades, robos a gran y peque�a escala, banqueros astutos que saquean a la gente "en letra de la ley", corporaciones que con �nimos de ganancia destruyen el planeta. Observamos y nos escandalizamos en cuanto vemos semejantes efectos, pero no nos preguntamos por las causas. Milenios de historia no nos han ense�ado gran cosa, y seguimos eliminando los efectos sin pensar en las causas. �Pero qu� mueve al ser humano cuando acomete alg�n delito de cualquier naturaleza? �Por qu� est� cometiendo algo il�cito? �Qu� tipo de pensar perpetua el crimen? �Es la c�rcel una sociedad en miniatura que funciona como tal y donde se puede entender su funcionamiento? Respondo a todas estas preguntas por el medio de un ensayo/fabula. Por lo tanto se propone a su atenci�n un ensayo/fabula que fue escrito en la c�rcel durante unos 6 a�os (del total de 10 a�os de la campa�a), aunque el ensayo fue concebido aun unos a�os anteriormente. Est� escrita esta f�bula con la sangre, en el sentido Nietzscheano. Me gustar�a subrayar, que esta obra fue pensada para descubrir el origen de la intenci�n delictiva en el ser humano, aunque tambi�n explicar el funcionamiento del infierno humano llamado c�rcel. En mi modesta opini�n, un intelecto que se respeta a si mismo lo suficientemente para buscar la verdad deber�a tener inter�s en este tipo de cuestiones existenciales. El mundo entero esta espasm�dicamente discurriendo sobre los efectos de un universo injusto, lleno de enga�o, crimen, estafas, robos de todo tipo y alcance, etc. Adem�s, estamos arruinando la tierra. Pero la humanidad sigue sin preguntarse: �Qu� es lo que empuja (sin quitarle al individuo su parte de la culpa) a un ser humano a cometer un crimen de cualquier tipo? Sea este un crimen trivial, banal, financiero, militar, pol�tico o un homicidio, la intenci�n sigue all� agachada, inobservable, indetectable a veces. Pues este ensayo es el resultado de 6 a�os de investigaci�n y reflexi�n sobre ello, un punto de vista desde la capital - teor�ticamente hablando - del delito (la c�rcel), un punto de vista que tiene en consideraci�n que es lo que se ha dicho al respeto desde hace unos 3500 a�os hasta la modernidad por sabios y fil�sofos de todas las �pocas. Aparte est� el hecho de que la c�rcel es una sociedad en miniatura, en donde observar su funcionamiento nos explica mucho sobre la marcha de una sociedad. En el libro, presos, jueces, funcionarios de prisiones, sabios y eruditos de todas las �pocas "se reunieron" - siempre mirando por prisma de la historia - para discurrir sobre ello en una f�bula-ensayo. Es un libro,- por lo tanto,- solo para los buscadores de la verdad incondicionales, para los seres libres de prejuicios y convencionalismos; lo digo sin �nimo de discriminar alguno.