Turings Kathedrale Die Urspruenge Des Digitalen Zeitalters Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Turings Kathedrale

Turings Kathedrale

Author: George Dyson
Publisher:
ISBN: 3548376304
Pages: 592
Year: 2016-02-12

Einführung in die Wirtschaftsinformatik

Einführung in die Wirtschaftsinformatik

Author: Claudia Lemke, Walter Brenner, Kathrin Kirchner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662536560
Pages: 514
Year: 2017-01-17
Dieses Lehrbuch ist eine moderne und zukunftsweisende Einführung in die Wirtschaftsinformatik. Es kombiniert strategisches Wissen mit operativem Know-How. Als Leitfaden zur aktiven Gestaltung der komplexen Herausforderungen ist es die logische Fortsetzung des erfolgreichen ersten Bandes zum "Verstehen des digitalen Zeitalters".Die digitale Transformation ist die umfassendste Reformationsaufgabe von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft und erfordert ein neues Set an Führungs- und Managementprinzipien. Daten und Algorithmen sind hierbei der universelle Rohstoff im digitalen Zeitalter. Das Buch liefert eine gut verständliche Einführung in die Programmierung und stellt ein Managementsystem zur Gestaltung der digitalen Transformation vor. Als Lehrbuch enthält es Lernziele und Kontrollfragen sowie Literaturempfehlungen zur weiterführenden Diskussionen. Dieser zweite Band eignet sich nicht nur für Studierende, sondern kann auch von Praktikern genutzt werden.
Turing's Cathedral

Turing's Cathedral

Author: George Dyson
Publisher: Pantheon
ISBN: 0375422773
Pages: 401
Year: 2012
Documents the innovations of a group of eccentric geniuses who developed computer code in the mid-20th century as part of mathematician Alan Turin's theoretical universal machine idea, exploring how their ideas led to such developments as digital television, modern genetics and the hydrogen bomb.
Erfindung des Computers, Elektronenrechner, Entwicklungen in Deutschland, England und der Schweiz

Erfindung des Computers, Elektronenrechner, Entwicklungen in Deutschland, England und der Schweiz

Author: Herbert Bruderer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311060261X
Pages: 849
Year: 2018-06-25
Das preisgekrönte Werk „Meilensteine der Rechentechnik" liegt in der 2., völlig neu bearbeiteten und stark erweiterten Auflage vor. Die beiden Bände, die im Ganzen rund 1600 Seiten umfassen, sind ein Gesamtwerk, lassen sich aber auch einzeln nutzen. Diese Schrift behandelt sowohl analoge wie digitale Geräte und geht auf benachbarte Bereiche wie Automatenbau (z.B. Figuren- und Musikautomaten) sowie wissenschaftliche Instrumente (z.B. Himmelskunde, Vermessungswesen, Uhrmacherkunst) ein. Gestreift werden zudem frühe Schreibmaschinen und programmgesteuerte mechanische Webstühle. Schwerpunkte des ersten Bandes sind: Grundlagen, mechanische Rechenmaschinen, Rechenschieber, historische Automaten, Entwicklung der Rechenkunst, Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen für analoge und digitale Rechengeräte. Alle wichtigen Fachbegriffe werden erklärt. Die weltweit prachtvollsten Rundbaurechenmaschinen und Androiden werden in Wort und Bild vorgestellt. Das Buch enthält ferner grundsätzliche Betrachtungen zu Themen wie Digitalisierung und künstliche Intelligenz sowie zur Rolle der Technikgeschichte und der Erhaltung des technischen Kulturguts. Der zweite Band widmet sich überwiegend den Elektronenrechnern: Erfindung des Computers, weltweite Entwicklung der Rechentechnik, insbesondere in Deutschland, England und der Schweiz. Er schließt überdies je ein Fachwörterbuch Deutsch-Englisch und Englisch-Deutsch ein. Die sollen das Lesen anspruchsvoller fremdsprachiger Texte und Übersetzungen fördern. Hinzu kommt eine umfassende weltweite Bibliografie. Beide Bände berichten über aufsehenerregende neue Funde von Dokumenten und Gegenständen (u.a. weltgrößte serienmäßig gefertigte Rechenwalze, weltweit kleinster mechanischer Parallelrechner, erster mechanischer Prozessrechner), sie eignen sich auch als Nachschlagewerke. Sie sind allgemein verständlich und richten sich an alle, die Freude haben an Technik-, Mathematik-, Informatik- und Kunstgeschichte. Mehrsprachige Bibliografie zur Mathematik-, Informatik, Technik- und Naturwissenschaftsgeschichte mit über 5000 Einträgen, Fachwörterbuch Deutsch-Englisch und Englisch-Deutsch mit je 4000 Einträgen, 18 Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen für die Bedienung historischer analoger und digitaler Geräte, 100 tabellarische Übersichten, zahlreiche Zeittafeln, ausführliches Personen-, Orts- und Sachverzeichnis. Herbert Bruderer ist Dozent i.R. am Departement für Informatik der Eidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule (ETH) Zürich und Technikhistoriker. Er hat zahlreiche Bücher zur Informatik verfasst und ist mehrfacher Preisträger.
Aufstieg der Roboter

Aufstieg der Roboter

Author: Martin Ford
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
ISBN: 3864703670
Pages: 400
Year: 2016-05-18
Künstliche Intelligenz wird immer intelligenter. Algorithmen machen unser Leben leichter, angenehmer, sicherer ... doch die Entwicklung hat auch eine gravierende Kehrseite: Immer mehr Menschen werden von der Technik verdrängt. Jobs für gering Qualifizierte, zum Beispiel in Fast-Food-Ketten und Supermärkten, fallen weg. Doch auch hoch Qualifizierte wie Radiologen werden von Computern ausgestochen, die deutlich schneller – und zuverlässiger – Diagnosen erstellen können.
Alan M. Turing

Alan M. Turing

Author: Sara Turing
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107020581
Pages: 169
Year: 2012-03-22
Containing never-before-published material, this fascinating account sheds new light on one of the greatest figures of the twentieth century.
Darwin Among The Machines

Darwin Among The Machines

Author: George B. Dyson, B Dyson
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465046975
Pages: 304
Year: 2012-09-04
Darwin Among the Machines tells the story of humankind’s journey into the digital wilderness. Introducing a cast of familiar and not-so-familiar characters, historian of science George B. Dyson traces the course of the information revolution, illuminating the lives and work of visionaries—from Thomas Hobbes to John von Neumann—who foresaw the development of artificial intelligence, artificial life, and artificial mind. This profound and elegant book derives both its title and its outlook from Samuel Butler’s 1863 essay, “Darwin Among the Machines.” Observing the beginnings of miniaturization, self-reproduction, and telecommunication among machines, Butler predicted that nature’s intelligence, only temporarily subservient to technology, would resurface to claim our creations as her own. Updating Butler’s arguments, Dyson distills the historical record to chronicle the origins of digital telecommunications and the evolution of digital computers, beginning long before the time of Darwin and exploring the limits of Darwinian evolution to suggest what lies beyond. Weaving a cohesive narrative of his brilliant predecessors, Dyson constructs a straightforward, convincing, and occasionally frightening view of the evolution of mind in the global network, on a level transcending our own. Dyson concludes that we are in the midst of an experiment that echoes the prehistory of human intelligence and the origins of life. Just as the exchange of coded molecular instructions brought life as we know it to the early earth’s primordial soup, and as language and mind combined to form the culture in which we live, so, in the digital universe, are computer programs and worldwide networks combining to produce an evolutionary theater in which the distinctions between nature and technology are increasingly obscured. Nature, argues Dyson, is on the side of the machines.
Computing

Computing

Author: Paul E. Ceruzzi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262310392
Pages: 216
Year: 2012-06-15
The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software, or the story of the Internet, or the story of "smart" hand-held devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization--the coding of information, computation, and control in binary form, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, devices, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, as characterized famously by "Moore's Law"; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the word "digital" in 1942 (to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in anti-aircraft devices), and recounting the development of the punch card (for use in the 1890 U.S. Census). He describes the ENIAC, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, the Internet's precursor. Ceruzzi's account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a "minicomputer" to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smart phone. He describes the development of the silicon chip, which could store ever-increasing amounts of data and enabled ever-decreasing device size. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and social networking.
The Computer - My Life

The Computer - My Life

Author: Konrad Zuse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662029316
Pages: 246
Year: 2013-03-09

Midnight at the Pera Palace: The Birth of Modern Istanbul

Midnight at the Pera Palace: The Birth of Modern Istanbul

Author: Charles King
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393245780
Pages: 480
Year: 2014-09-15
“Timely . . . brilliant . . . hugely enjoyable, magnificently researched and deeply absorbing.”—Jason Goodwin, New York Times Book Review At midnight, December 31, 1925, citizens of the newly proclaimed Turkish Republic celebrated the New Year. For the first time ever, they had agreed to use a nationally unified calendar and clock. Yet in Istanbul—an ancient crossroads and Turkey's largest city—people were looking toward an uncertain future. Never purely Turkish, Istanbul was home to generations of Greeks, Armenians, and Jews, as well as Muslims. It welcomed White Russian nobles ousted by the Russian Revolution, Bolshevik assassins on the trail of the exiled Leon Trotsky, German professors, British diplomats, and American entrepreneurs—a multicultural panoply of performers and poets, do-gooders and ne’er-do-wells. During the Second World War, thousands of Jews fleeing occupied Europe found passage through Istanbul, some with the help of the future Pope John XXIII. At the Pera Palace, Istanbul's most luxurious hotel, so many spies mingled in the lobby that the manager posted a sign asking them to relinquish their seats to paying guests. In beguiling prose and rich character portraits, Charles King brings to life a remarkable era when a storied city stumbled into the modern world and reshaped the meaning of cosmopolitanism.
Dead Simple

Dead Simple

Author: Jon Land
Publisher: Forge Books
ISBN: 1429928743
Pages: 320
Year: 2011-04-01
April 1998: A tanker hauling a deadly new explosive vanishes without a trace in a raging storm.... That explosive falls into the hands of Jack "Terror" Tyrell. Now, he's more determined than ever to realize his deadly vision: to lead a radical underground group that spreads its message via bombs and blood. Enter Blaine McCracken. McCracken seeks out his mentor, Sergeant Major Buck Torrey, to get his edge back after being wounded in a terrorist attack. But Torrey has disappeared. McCracken reconnoiters with beautiful Liz Halprin, Torrey's daughter, and their hunt takes them on a perilous journey where secrets can be as deadly as bullets. McCracken and Halprin are hot on Jackie Terror's tail, which brings them to Manhattan, where Terror's going to hold seven million people hostage. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.
Ego

Ego

Author: Frank Schirrmacher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745686907
Pages: 260
Year: 2015-11-30
Twenty-five years after the end of the Cold War, a new Cold War is being waged in our societies. During the Cold War a theoretical model of man was developed by economists and the military, an egotistical being interested only in his own benefit and in duping his opponents to achieve his ends: a modern homo oeconomicus. After his career in the Cold War ended, he was not scrapped but adapted to the needs of the twenty-first century. He became the ringmaster of a new era of information capitalism. He sought to read, control and influence thoughts; to predict, price and eliminate risks. Today stock-market trading is guided by him. He uses computer algorithms and Big Data to build up detailed pictures of our preferences and then suggest and sell goods to us. The model has become a self-fulfilling prophecy. We are no longer the masters of our own fate. The Game of Life runs without us. Schirrmacher traces the progress of this extreme rationalization of social life from the Cold War games of the 1950s Rand Corporation to the stock-market trading techniques that brought about the financial crash of 2008, showing how these developments were interwoven with the rise of game theory, rational choice theory and neoliberal economics. The state and politics increasingly submitted themselves to the logic of computerized game theory and an economistic view of the world, evading real decision-making in the process. In this brave new world individuals, alone in front of their computers, may think they are constructing a reality of their own choosing, but in fact they are being manipulated all along by others who are setting the rules of the game. This international bestseller by one of Germany?s most distinguished journalists is a powerful indictment of a way of thinking that has become pervasive and threatens to undermine not only parliaments and constitutions but also the sovereignty of the individual to be the person he or she wants to be.
The Self-Perception of Early Modern Capitalists

The Self-Perception of Early Modern Capitalists

Author: M. Jacob, C. Secretan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230613802
Pages: 279
Year: 2016-04-30
A collection of essays by leading historians of early modern Europe and the U.S., this books explores how merchants, entrepreneurs, and other early modern capitalists viewed themselves.
Kissinger

Kissinger

Author: Niall Ferguson
Publisher: Penguin Press HC
ISBN: 1594206538
Pages: 986
Year: 2015
A definitive portrait of the American statesman, based on unprecedented access to his private papers, challenges common misconceptions to trace Kissinger's beliefs to philosophical idealism.
Project Orion

Project Orion

Author: George Dyson
Publisher:
ISBN: 0140277323
Pages: 368
Year: 2003-03-26
The race to the moon dominated space flight during the the 1960s yet, during the late 1950s and early 1960s, the US Government sponsored a project that could possibly have sent 150 people on expeditions to Mars or Saturn.The project was code-named Orion and centred upon the effort to develop a fast, manoeuvrable, nuclear-powered space vehicle for long-range voyages in space. The proposed 4000-ton spaceship would be propelled by nuclear bombs but, strictly classified, the project was never given a chance to succeed or fail - due partly to its apparent absurdity - but its mix of sublime physics, madcap engineering, and a cast of Cold War warriors and would-be inter-galactic engineers made the mission a tantalising what if story.In this book George Dyson, son of physicist Freeman Dyson, one of the original project team, pieces together the story his father could only tell him in fragments at the time.